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The Tree of Life (2011)

Director: Terrence Malick Cinematographer: Emmanuel Lubezki
 The Tree of Life (2011) on IMDb

The first American film to win the Palme d’Or since 2004, Malick’s ambitious experimental epic chronicles the origins and meaning of life by way of a middle-aged man (Sean Penn) and his childhood memories of his family living in 1950s Texas, particularly his often difficult relationship with his father (Brad Pitt). The family drama is interspersed with imagery of the origins of the known universe and the inception of life on Earth. The film polarised critics with some considering such a philosophical work to be incomprehensible and pretentious, particularly the depiction of evolution, but when the film focuses on the drama of small town domestic life, Malick finds an emotional core, which is helped along by some fine performances and beautiful cinematography.

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  • Brad Pitt as Mr. O’Brien
  • Jessica Chastain as Mrs. O’Brien
  • Sean Penn as Jack O’Brien
    • Hunter McCracken as young Jack
    • Finnegan Williams as (aged 5) Jack
    • Michael Koeth as (aged 2) Jack
  • Laramie Eppler as R.L. O’Brien
    • John Howell as R.L. (age 2)
  • Tye Sheridan as Steve O’Brien
  • Kari Matchett as Jack’s ex
  • Joanna Going as Jack’s wife
  • Michael Showers as Mr. Brown
  • Kimberly Whalen as Mrs. Brown
  • Jackson Hurst as Uncle Roy
  • Fiona Shaw as Grandmother
  • Crystal Mantecón as Elisa
  • Tamara Jolaine as Mrs. Stone
  • Dustin Allen as George Walsh

Directed by Terrence Malick
Produced by Sarah Green, Bill Pohlad, Brad Pitt, Dede Gardner, Grant Hill
Screenplay by Terrence Malick
Music by Alexandre Desplat
Cinematography Emmanuel Lubezki
Edited by Hank Corwin, Jay Rabinowitz, Daniel Rezende, Billy Weber, Mark Yoshikawa
Running time 139 minutes
Country United States
Language English

Film Comment’s End of Year Critics’ Poll 2011

In the January/February 2012 issue of Film Comment they published results for the best films of 2011. The year’s critics’ poll, now in its 12th edition, saw around 120 North American critics rank their favourites in two categories: 1) those that received theatrical runs and 2) those viewed in 2011 but not receiving U.S. theatrical distribution until 2012—if at all. For each ballot, a first-place choice was allotted 20 points, 19 for second, and so on. Listed below are the Top 50.

1. The Tree of Life 
Terrence Malick, U.S.

2. Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives
Apichatpong Weerasethakul, Thailand/U.K./France/Germany

3. Melancholia
Lars von Trier, Denmark/Sweden/France/Germany

4. A Separation 
Asghar Farhadi, Iran

5. A Dangerous Method
David Cronenberg, Canada/Germany

6. Mysteries of Lisbon 
Raúl Ruiz, France/Portugal

7. Certified Copy
Abbas Kiarostami, France/Italy/Belgium

8. Meek’s Cutoff
Kelly Reichardt, U.S.

9. Hugo
Martin Scorsese, U.S.

10. Poetry
Lee Chang-dong, South Korea

11. Film Socialisme
Jean-Luc Godard, Switzerland

12. Le Havre
Aki Kaurismäki, Finland/France

13. The Autobiography of Nicolae Ceausescu
Andrei Ujica, Romania

14. Le quattro volte 
Michelangelo Frammartino, Italy/Germany/Switzerland

15. The Descendants
Alexander Payne, U.S.

16. Nostalgia for the Light
Patricio Guzmán, Chile/France/Germany

17. A Brighter Summer Day
Edward Yang, Taiwan/Japan

18. Midnight in Paris
Woody Allen, Spain/U.S.

19. Take Shelter 
Jeff Nichols, U.S.

20. Margaret 
Kenneth Lonergan, U.S.

21. Shame
Steve McQueen, U.K.

22. Drive
Nicolas Winding Refn, U.S.

23. Cave of Forgotten Dreams
Werner Herzog, U.S.

24. Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy 
Tomas Alfredson, U.K./France/Germany

25. To Die Like a Man
João Pedro Rodrigues, Portugal/France

26. The Interrupters 
Steve James, U.S.

27. The Artist
Michel Hazanavicius, France

28. Tuesday, After Christmas
Radu Muntean, Romania

29. Aurora 
Cristi Puiu, Romania

30. Weekend
Andrew Haigh, U.K.

31. The Skin I Live In
Pedro Almodóvar, Spain

32. City of Life and Death
Lu Chuan, China/Hong Kong

33. Contagion 
Steven Soderbergh, U.S.

34. Of Gods and Men
Xavier Beauvois, France

35. Martha Marcy May Marlene
Sean Durkin, U.S.

36. Bridesmaids
Paul Feig, U.S.

37. The Trip
Michael Winterbottom, U.K.

38. Moneyball
Bennett Miller, U.S.

39. The Arbor 
Clio Barnard, U.K.

40. The Future
Miranda July, U.S./Germany

41. Incendies
Denis Villeneuve, Canada/France

42. Super 8
J.J. Abrams, U.S.

43. United Red Army
Koji Wakamatsu, Japan

44. Road to Nowhere 
Monte Hellman, U.S.

45. Tabloid
Errol Morris, U.S.

46. Rise of the Planet of the Apes
Rupert Wyatt, U.S.

47. Terri
Azazel Jacobs, U.S.

48. J. Edgar 
Clint Eastwood, U.S.

49. Jane Eyre
Cary Fukunaga, U.K.

50. Pina
Wim Wenders, Germany/France

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Cahiers du Cinema’s Annual Top 10 Lists

Listed below are the movies chosen by the prestigious film magazine, Cahiers Du Cinema’s for their famous annual top ten lists. The results are shown in order of preference.





# Film Director Country
1. The River Jean Renoir France
2. Diary of a Country Priest Robert Bresson France
3. Miracle in Milan Vittorio de Sica Italy
4. Los Olvidados Luis Buñuel Mexico
5. All About Eve Joseph L. Mankiewicz US
6. Miss Julie Alf Sjöberg Sweden
7. Story of a Love Affair Michelangelo Antonioni Italy
8. Sunset Boulevard Billy Wilder US
9. Edward and Caroline Jacques Becker France
10. The Flowers of St. Francis Roberto Rossellini Italy

No lists from 1952 through 1953.

# Film Director Country
1. El Luis Bunuel Mexico
2. Touchez pas au grisbi Jacques Becker France
3. Knave of Hearts René Clément France
4. The Wild One László Benedek US
5. Gentlemen Prefer Blondes Howard Hawks US
6. I Vitelloni Federico Fellini Italy
7. It Should Happen to You George Cukor US
8. The Blue Gardenia Fritz Lang US
9. Robinson Crusoe Luis Bunuel Mexico
10. Mother Mikio Naruse Japan
# Film Director Country
1. Voyage to Italy Roberto Rossellini Italy
2. Ordet Carl Theodor Dreyer Denmark
3. The Big Knife Robert Aldrich US
4. Lola Montès Max Ophüls France
5. Rear Window Alfred Hitchcock US
6. Bad Liaisons Alexandre Astruc France
7. La Strada Federico Fellini Italy
8. The Barefoot Contessa Joseph L. Mankiewicz US
9. Johnny Guitar Nicholas Ray US
10. Kiss Me Deadly Robert Aldrich US
# Film Director Country
1. A Man Escaped Robert Bresson France
2. Elena and Her Men Jean Renoir France
3. Rebel Without a Cause Nicholas Ray US
4. Confidential Report Orson Welles US
5. Senso Luchino Visconti Italy
6. Smiles of a Summer Night Ingmar Bergman Sweden
7. Il bidone Federico Fellini Italy
8. L’Amore Roberto Rossellini Italy
9. Picnic Joshua Logan US
10. Fear Roberto Rossellini Italy
# Film Director Country
1. A King in New York Charlie Chaplin UK
2. Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? Frank Tashlin US
3. Nights of Cabiria Federico Fellini Italy
4. The Wrong Man Alfred Hitchcock US
5. The Criminal Life of Archibaldo de la Cruz Luis Buñuel Mexico
6. Sawdust and Tinsel Ingmar Bergman Sweden
7. Bigger Than Life Nicholas Ray US
8. The Girl Can’t Help It Frank Tashlin US
9. Beyond a Reasonable Doubt Fritz Lang US
10. 12 Angry Men Sidney Lumet US
# Film Director Country
1. Touch of Evil Orson Welles US
2. The Seventh Seal Ingmar Bergman Sweden
3. White Nights Luchino Visconti Italy
4. Il Grido Michelangelo Antonioni Italy
5. Bonjour Tristesse Otto Preminger UK
6. Journey into Autumn Ingmar Bergman Sweden
7. One Life Alexandre Astruc France
8. Mon Oncle Jacques Tati France
9. The Quiet American Joseph L. Mankiewicz US
10. Summer Interlude Ingmar Bergman Sweden
# Film Director Country
1. Ugetsu Monogatari Kenji Mizoguchi Japan
2. Hiroshima mon Amour Alain Resnais France
3. Ivan the Terrible Sergei Eisenstein Soviet Union
4. Pickpocket Robert Bresson France
5. The 400 Blows François Truffaut France
6. Rio Bravo Howard Hawks US
7. Wild Strawberries Ingmar Bergman Sweden
8. Vertigo Alfred Hitchcock US
9. Princess Yang Kwei Fei Kenji Mizoguchi Japan
10. The Tiger of Eschnapur Fritz Lang West Germany
# Film Director Country
1. Sansho the Bailiff Kenji Mizoguchi Japan
2. L’Avventura Michelangelo Antonioni Italy
3. Breathless Jean-Luc Godard France
4. Shoot the Piano Player François Truffaut France
5. Poem of the Sea Alexander Dovzhenko & Yuliya Solntseva Soviet Union
6. Les Bonnes Femmes Claude Chabrol France
Nazarin Luis Buñuel Spain, Mexico
8. Moonfleet Fritz Lang US
9. Psycho Alfred Hitchcock US
10. Le Trou Jacques Becker France
# Film Director Country
1. Lola Jacques Demy France
2. A Woman Is a Woman Jean-Luc Godard France
3. Paris Belongs to Us Jacques Rivette France
4. Rocco and His Brothers Luchino Visconti Italy
5. Shin Heike Monogatari Kenji Mizoguchi Japan
6. At Great Cost Mark Donskoy Soviet Union
7. La Notte Michelangelo Antonioni Italy
8. Last Year at Marienbad Alain Resnais France
9. Elmer Gantry Richard Brooks US
10. Two Rode Together John Ford US
# Film Director Country
1. My Life to Live Jean-Luc Godard France
2. Jules and Jim François Truffaut France
3. Hatari! Howard Hawks US
4. Viridiana Luis Buñuel Mexico
5. Le Signe du Lion Éric Rohmer France
6. Wild River Elia Kazan US
7. The Trial Orson Welles US
8. Through a Glass Darkly Ingmar Bergman Sweden
9. The Elusive Corporal Jean Renoir France
10. Vanina Vanini Roberto Rossellini Italy
# Film Director Country
1. Contempt Jean-Luc Godard France
2. The Birds Alfred Hitchcock US
3. The Exterminating Angel Luis Buñuel Mexico
4. Adieu Philippine Jacques Rozier France
5. The Trial of Joan of Arc Robert Bresson France
6. Muriel Alain Resnais France
7. The Nutty Professor Jerry Lewis US
8. The Carabineers Jean-Luc Godard France
9. Salvatore Giuliano Francesco Rosi Italy
10. 8½ Federico Fellini Italy
# Film Director Country
1. Band of Outsiders Jean-Luc Godard France
2. Gertrud Carl Theodor Dreyer Denmark
3. Marnie Alfred Hitchcock US
4. A Married Woman Jean-Luc Godard France
5. Man’s Favourite Sport? Howard Hawks US
6. Red Desert Michelangelo Antonioni Italy
7. America, America Elia Kazan US
8. The Silence Ingmar Bergman Sweden
9. Now About These Women Ingmar Bergman Sweden
10. The Servant Joseph Losey UK
# Film Director Country
1. Pierrot le Fou Jean-Luc Godard France
2. Sandra Luchino Visconti Italy
3. Winter Light Ingmar Bergman Sweden
4. Six in Paris: “Gare du Nord” segment Jean Rouch France
5. Alphaville Jean-Luc Godard France
6. Lilith Robert Rossen US
7. Shock Corridor Sam Fuller US
8. The Family Jewels Jerry Lewis US
9. The Gospel According to St. Matthew Pier Paolo Pasolini Italy
10. Le Bonheur Agnès Varda France
# Film Director Country
1. Au Hasard Balthazar Robert Bresson France
2. Walkover Jerzy Skolimowski Poland
3. Not Reconciled Jean-Marie Straub West Germany
4. Masculin Féminin Jean-Luc Godard France
5. The Man Who Had His Hair Cut Short André Delvaux Belgium
6. Seven Women John Ford US
7. The Taking of Power by Louis XIV Roberto Rossellini Italy
8. Torn Curtain Alfred Hitchcock US
9. Red Line 7000 Howard Hawks US
10. Fists in the Pocket Marco Bellochio Italy
# Film Director Country
1. Persona Ingmar Bergman Sweden
2. Belle de Jour Luis Buñuel France
3. Weekend Jean-Luc Godard France
4. Lion Hunting with Bow and Arrow Jean Rouch France
5. Playtime Jacques Tati France
6. The Big Mouth Jerry Lewis US
7. Daisies Vera Chytilova Czechoslovakia
The Nun Jacques Rivette France
9. 2 or 3 Things I Know About Her Jean-Luc Godard France
10. La Chinoise Jean-Luc Godard France
# Film Director Country
1. The Chronicle of Anna Magdalena Bach Jean-Marie Straub & Danièle Huillet West Germany
2. Before the Revolution Bernardo Bertolucci Italy
3. The Edge Robert Kramer US
4. Spirits of the Dead: “Toby Dammit” segment Federico Fellini Italy
5. Don’t Let It Kill You Jean-Pierre Lefebvre Canada
6. The Times That Are Pierre Perrault Canada
7. Barrier Jerzy Skolimowski Poland
8. Stolen Kisses François Truffaut France
9. Ride in the Whirlwind Monte Hellman US
10. The Bride Wore Black François Truffaut France
Les Contrebandières Luc Moullet France

No list for 1969.

No lists for the 1970s.

No list for 1980.

# Film Director Country
1. The Aviator’s Wife Éric Rohmer France
Francisca Manoel de Oliveira Portugal
3. Hotel America André Téchiné France
Tragedy of a Ridiculous Man Bernardo Bertolucci Italy
5. Germany, Pale Mother Helma Sanders-Brahms West Germany
The Woman Next Door François Truffaut France
7. Stalker Andrei Tarkovsky Soviet Union
8. The Music Room Satyajit Ray India
Raging Bull Martin Scorsese US
10. Gloria John Cassavetes US
In girum imus nocte et consumimur igni Guy Debord France
Palermo or Wolfsburg Werner Schroeter West Germany
The Wings of the Dove Benoît Jacquot France
# Film Director Country
1. A Room in Town Jacques Demy France
2. Moonlighting Jerzy Skolimowski UK
Passion Jean-Luc Godard France
4. White Dog Sam Fuller US
5. The Color of Pomegranates Sergei Parajanov Soviet Union
Identification of a Woman Michaelangelo Antonioni Italy
Le Pont du Nord Jacques Rivette France
8. Parsifal Hans-Jürgen Syberberg West Germany
9. Three Crowns of the Sailor Raúl Ruiz France
10. Le Beau Mariage Éric Rohmer France
# Film Director Country
1. À Nos Amours Maurice Pialat France
L’Argent Robert Bresson France
3. Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence Nagisa Oshima UK
Un jeu Brutal Jean-Claude Brisseau France
5. The King of Comedy Martin Scorsese US
Pauline at the Beach Éric Rohmer France
7. L’Enfant Secret Philippe Garrel France
Faux-Fuyants Alain Bergala & Jean-Pierre Limosin France
Three Crowns of the Sailor Raúl Ruiz France
10. Cracking Up Jerry Lewis US
Fanny And Alexander Ingmar Bergman Sweden
# Film Director Country
1. Full Moon in Paris Éric Rohmer France
2. Class Relations Jean-Marie Straub & Danièle Huillet West Germany
3. Biquefarre Georges Rouquier France
First Name: Carmen Jean-Luc Godard France
Liberté, la nuit Philippe Garrel France
6. Rumble Fish Francis Ford Coppola US
7. And the Ship Sails On Federico Fellini Italy
Paris, Texas Wim Wenders West Germany
The Right Stuff Philip Kaufman US
10. Once Upon a Time in America Sergio Leone Italy
# Film Director Country
1. Hail Mary Jean-Luc Godard France
2. Détective Jean-Luc Godard France
3. Year of the Dragon Michael Cimino US
4. After the Rehearsal Ingmar Bergman Sweden
5. Love Streams John Cassavetes US
6. The Home and the World Satyajit Ray India
7. Les Amants terribles Danièle Dubroux France
8. The Children Marguerite Duras France
9. Ran Akira Kurosawa Japan
10. Favorites of the Moon Otar Iosseliani France
Rendez-vous André Téchiné France
# Film Director Country
1. The Green Ray Éric Rohmer France
2. Legend of Suram Fortress Sergei Parajanov Soviet Union
The Sacrifice Andrei Tarkovsky Sweden
4. Double Messieurs Jean-François Stévenin France
5. Bad Blood Leos Carax France
Maine-Ocean Express Jacques Rozier France
7. Thérèse Alain Cavalier France
8. Scene of the Crime André Téchiné France
9. After Hours Martin Scorsese US
Alpine Fire Fredi M. Murer Switzerland
Disorder Olivier Assayas France
Gardien de la nuit Jean-Pierre Limosin France
Rise and Fall of a Small Cinema Company Jean-Luc Godard France
# Film Director Country
1. Under the Sun of Satan Maurice Pialat France
2. The Death of Empedocles Jean-Marie Straub & Danièle Huillet West Germany
Intervista Federico Fellini Italy
Wings Of Desire Wim Wenders West Germany
5. The Last Emperor Bernardo Bertolucci China
6. Four Adventures of Reinette and Mirabelle Éric Rohmer France
Full Metal Jacket Stanley Kubrick UK
Yeelen Souleymane Cissé Mali
9. The Mass Is Ended Nanni Moretti Italy
10. Blue Velvet David Lynch US
The Color of Money Martin Scorsese US
King Lear Jean-Luc Godard US
Um Adeus Português João Botelho Portugal
Wedding in Galilee Michel Khleifi Palestine
# Film Director Country
1. A Short Film About Killing Krzysztof Kieślowski Poland
2. The Unbearable Lightness of Being Philip Kaufman US
3. The Dead John Huston US
4. Urgences Raymond Depardon France
5. Bird Clint Eastwood US
6. Landscape in the Mist Theo Angelopoulos Greece
7. De bruit et de fureur Jean-Claude Brisseau France
8. The Last Temptation of Christ Martin Scorsese US
9. Les Innocents André Téchiné France
10. Story of Women Claude Chabrol France
# Film Director Country
1. Do the Right Thing Spike Lee US
Red Wood Pigeon Nanni Moretti Italy
3. Gang of Four Jacques Rivette France
Dead Ringers David Cronenberg Canada
5. The Cannibals Manoel de Oliveira Portugal
Yaaba Idrissa Ouedraogo Burkina Faso
7. Black Rain Shohei Imamura Japan
Thick Skinned Patricia Mazuy France
Little Vera Vasili Pichul Soviet Union
10. The Accidental Tourist Lawrence Kasdan US
I Want to Go Home Alain Resnais France
Time of the Gypsies Emir Kusturica Yugoslavia
# Film Director Country
1. Freeze Die Come to Life Vitali Kanevsky Soviet Union
The Little Gangster Jacques Doillon France
3. Goodfellas Martin Scorsese US
Nouvelle Vague Jean-Luc Godard France
5. Alexandria Again and Forever Youssef Chahine Egypt
Meghe Dhaka Tara Ritwik Ghatak India
No, or the Vain Glory of Command Manoel de Oliveira Portugal
8. Crimes and Misdemeanors Woody Allen US
La Désenchantée Benoît Jacquot France
Dreams Akira Kurosawa Japan
# Film Director Country
1. Van Gogh Maurice Pialat France
2. Miller’s Crossing Coen Brothers US
3. Barton Fink Coen Brothers US
4. The Godfather Part III Francis Ford Coppola US
5. Close-Up Abbas Kiarostami Iran
6. J’entends plus la guitare Philippe Garrel France
7. Edward Scissorhands Tim Burton US
8. Rhapsody in August Akira Kurosawa Japan
9. Les Amants du Pont-Neuf Leos Carax France
10. Paris s’éveille Olivier Assayas France
# Film Director Country
1. Unforgiven Clint Eastwood US
2. Agantuk Satyajit Ray India
3. Life, and Nothing More… Abbas Kiarostami Iran
4. Husbands and Wives Woody Allen US
5. Border Line Danièle Dubroux France
Savage Nights Cyril Collard France
The Sentinel Arnaud Desplechin France
8. La Chasse aux papillons Otar Iosseliani France
A Tale of Winter Éric Rohmer France
10. A Brighter Summer Day Edward Yang Taiwan
The House of Smiles Marco Ferreri Italy
Le mirage Jean-Claude Guiguet France
The Oak Lucian Pintilie Romania
# Film Director Country
1. A Perfect World Clint Eastwood US
2. Abraham’s Valley Manoel de Oliveira Portugal
3. L’Arbre, le maire et la médiathèque Éric Rohmer France
4. Smoking/No Smoking Alain Resnais France
5. In the Land of the Deaf Nicolas Philibert France
6. Aranyer Din Ratri Satyajit Ray India
7. Mad Dog and Glory John McNaughton US
8. Innocent Blood John Landis US
9. Bad Lieutenant Abel Ferrara US
10. Hélas pour moi Jean-Luc Godard France
# Film Director Country
1. Caro diario Nanni Moretti Italy
2. I Can’t Sleep Claire Denis France
3. Carlito’s Way Brian De Palma US
4. Wild Reeds André Téchiné France
5. The Nightmare Before Christmas Henry Selick US
6. Travolta and Me Patricia Mazuy France
7. L’Enfer Claude Chabrol France
8. Joan the Maiden Jacques Rivette France
9. US Go Home Claire Denis France
10. Coming to Terms with the Dead Pascale Ferran France
M. Butterfly David Cronenberg US
# Film Director Country
1. La Cérémonie Claude Chabrol France
2. Le Garçu Maurice Pialat France
3. Waati Souleymane Cissé Mali
4. The Bridges of Madison County Clint Eastwood US
5. Oublie-moi Noémie Lvovsky France
6. The Flower of My Secret Pedro Almodóvar Spain
7. Sonatine Takeshi Kitano Japan
8. Ed Wood Tim Burton US
9. Through the Olive Trees Abbas Kiarostami Iran
10. In the Mouth of Madness John Carpenter US
# Film Director Country
1. Crash David Cronenberg Canada
2. For Ever Mozart Jean-Luc Godard France
3. Casino Martin Scorsese US
4. My Sex Life… or How I Got into an Argument Arnaud Desplechin France
5. God’s Comedy João César Monteiro Portugal
6. Dead Man Jim Jarmusch US
7. Thieves André Téchiné France
8. Mission: Impossible Brian De Palma US
9. Encore Pascal Bonitzer France
Parfait amour! Catherine Breillat France
11. Don’t Forget You’re Going to Die Xavier Beauvois France
# Film Director Country
1. Hana-bi Takeshi Kitano Japan
2. Goodbye South, Goodbye Hou Hsiao-hsien Taiwan
3. Lost Highway David Lynch US
4. The Eel Shohei Imamura Japan
The River Tsai Ming-liang Taiwan
6. Same Old Song Alain Resnais France
Seventh Heaven Benoît Jacquot France
Taste of Cherry Abbas Kiarostami Iran
9. Face/Off John Woo US
Happy Together Wong Kar-wai Hong Kong
Scream Wes Craven US
# Film Director Country
1. Flowers of Shanghai Hou Hsiao-hsien Taiwan
2. Dr. Akagi Shohei Imamura Japan
3. Autumn Tale Éric Rohmer France
Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil Clint Eastwood US
5. Anxiety Manoel de Oliveira Portugal
Sue Lost in Manhattan Amos Kollek US
7. L’Ennui Cédric Kahn France
Velvet Goldmine Todd Haynes US
9. Snake Eyes Brian De Palma US
10. L’arrière-pays Jacques Nolot France
Jackie Brown Quentin Tarantino US
Ossos Pedro Costa Portugal
Titanic James Cameron US
# Film Director Country
1. Eyes Wide Shut Stanley Kubrick US
2. The Wind Will Carry Us Abbas Kiarostami Iran
3. Sicilia! Jean-Marie Straub & Danièle Huillet Italy
4. eXistenZ David Cronenberg Canada
5. Le vent de la nuit Philippe Garrel France
6. True Crime Clint Eastwood US
7. The Letter Manoel de Oliveira Portugal
8. The Straight Story David Lynch US
9. Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai Jim Jarmusch US
10. As Bodas de Deus João César Monteiro Portugal
1990s (1990–1999)
# Film Director Country
1. The Bridges of Madison County Clint Eastwood US
Carlito’s Way Brian De Palma US
Goodbye South, Goodbye Hou Hsiao-hsien Taiwan
4. Close-Up Abbas Kiarostami Iran
Eyes Wide Shut Stanley Kubrick US
Twin Peaks: Fire Walk With Me David Lynch US
Unforgiven Clint Eastwood US
8. Crash David Cronenberg Canada
Edward Scissorhands Tim Burton US
The River Tsai Ming-liang Taiwan
# Film Director Country
1. Esther Kahn Arnaud Desplechin France
2. The Captive Chantal Akerman Belgium
3. Man on the Moon Miloš Forman US
4. Mission to Mars Brian De Palma US
5. In the Mood for Love Wong Kar-wai Hong Kong
6. M/Other Nobuhiro Suwa Japan
7. The Virgin Suicides Sofia Coppola US
Yi Yi Edward Yang Taiwan
9. Space Cowboys Clint Eastwood US
10. Workers for the Good Lord Jean-Claude Brisseau France
# Film Director Country
1. Mulholland Drive David Lynch US
2. The Lady and the Duke Éric Rohmer France
3. Millennium Mambo Hou Hsiao-hsien Taiwan
4. Time and Tide Tsui Hark Hong Kong
5. I’m Going Home Manoel de Oliveira Portugal
6. Platform Jia Zhangke China
Wild Innocence Philippe Garrel France
8. Sobibór, October 14, 1943, 4 p.m. Claude Lanzmann France
9. The Son’s Room Nanni Moretti Italy
10. ‘R Xmas Abel Ferrara US
# Film Director Country
1. Secret Things Jean-Claude Brisseau France
Ten Abbas Kiarostami Iran
3. Blissfully Yours Apichatpong Weerasethakul Thailand
4. From the Other Side Chantal Akerman Belgium
5. The Uncertainty Principle Manoel de Oliveira Portugal
6. My Mother’s Smile Marco Bellocchio Italy
7. Talk to Her Pedro Almodóvar Spain
8. Spider David Cronenberg Canada
Spirited Away Hayao Miyazaki Japan
10. 24 N/A US
Gerry Gus Van Sant US
# Film Director Country
1. Tropical Malady Apichatpong Weerasethakul Thailand
2. S-21 Rithy Panh Cambodia
Tie Xi Qu: West of the Tracks Wang Bing China
The Village M. Night Shyamalan US
5. Shara Naomi Kawase Japan
6. The Brown Bunny Vincent Gallo US
Gerry Gus Van Sant US
Kings and Queen Arnaud Desplechin France
9. Café Lumière Hou Hsiao-hsien Japan
Kill Bill: Volume 2 Quentin Tarantino US
Saraband Ingmar Bergman Sweden
# Film Director Country
1. Last Days Gus Van Sant US
2. A History of Violence David Cronenberg US
Regular Lovers Philippe Garrel France
4. 1/3 of the Eyes Olivier Zabat France
Three Times Hou Hsiao-hsien Taiwan
The World Jia Zhangke China
The Young Lieutenant Xavier Beauvois France
8. Be with Me Eric Khoo Singapore
Grizzly Man Werner Herzog US
Sin City Frank Miller & Robert Rodriguez US
Tale of Cinema Hong Sang-soo South Korea
# Film Director Country
1. Private Fears in Public Places Alain Resnais France
The Sun Alexander Sokurov Russia
3. The Host Bong Joon-ho South Korea
4. Lady Chatterley Pascale Ferran France
5. A Perfect Couple Nobuhiro Suwa Japan
6. Capote Bennett Miller US
These Encounters of Theirs Straub–Huillet France
Lady in the Water M. Night Shyamalan US
9. The Departed Martin Scorsese US
10. Flags of Our Fathers Clint Eastwood US
The New World Terrence Malick US
# Film Director Country
1. Paranoid Park Gus Van Sant US
2. Death Proof Quentin Tarantino US
Inland Empire David Lynch US
Still Life Jia Zhangke China
5. La France Serge Bozon France
Zodiac David Fincher US
7. Before I Forget Jacques Nolot France
Honor of the Knights (Quixotic) Albert Serra Spain
Romance of Astree and Celadon Éric Rohmer France
10. The Duchess of Langeais Jacques Rivette France
I Don’t Want to Sleep Alone Tsai Ming-liang Malaysia
Syndromes and a Century Apichatpong Weerasethakul Thailand
# Film Director Country
1. Redacted Brian De Palma US
2. Colossal Youth Pedro Costa Portugal
3. Cloverfield Matt Reeves US
4. No Country for Old Men Coen Brothers US
5. Two Lovers James Gray US
6. Waltz with Bashir Ari Folman Israel
7. Dernier maquis Rabah Ameur-Zaïmeche Algeria
8. Hunger Steve McQueen UK
9. A Short Film About the Indio Nacional Raya Martin Philippines
10. On War Bertrand Bonello France
# Film Director Country
1. Wild Grass Alain Resnais France
2. Vincere Marco Bellocchio Italy
3. Inglourious Basterds Quentin Tarantino US
4. Gran Torino Clint Eastwood US
5. Eccentricities of a Blonde-haired Girl Manoel de Oliveira Portugal
6. Tetro Francis Ford Coppola US
7. The Hurt Locker Kathryn Bigelow US
8. King of Escape Alain Guiraudie France
9. Tokyo Sonata Kiyoshi Kurosawa Japan
10. Hadewijch Bruno Dumont France
2000s (2000–2009)
# Film Director Country
1. Mulholland Drive David Lynch US
2. Elephant Gus Van Sant US
3. Tropical Malady Apichatpong Weerasethakul Thailand
4. The Host Bong Joon-ho South Korea
5. A History of Violence David Cronenberg US
6. The Secret of the Grain Abdellatif Kechiche France
7. Tie Xi Qu: West of the Tracks Wang Bing China
8. War of the Worlds Steven Spielberg US
9. The New World Terrence Malick US
10. Ten Abbas Kiarostami Iran
# Film Director Country
1. Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives Apichatpong Weerasethakul Thailand
2. Bad Lieutenant: Port of Call New Orleans Werner Herzog US
3. Film Socialisme Jean-Luc Godard France
4. Toy Story 3 Lee Unkrich US
5. Fantastic Mr. Fox Wes Anderson US
6. A Serious Man Coen Brothers US
7. To Die Like a Man João Pedro Rodrigues Portugal
8. The Social Network David Fincher US
9. Chouga Darezhan Omirbayev Kazakhstan
10. Mother Bong Joon-ho South Korea
# Film Director Country
1. We Have a Pope Nanni Moretti Italy
2. The Strange Case of Angelica Manoel de Oliveira Portugal
The Tree of Life Terrence Malick US
4. Essential Killing Jerzy Skolimowski Poland
Outside Satan Bruno Dumont France
6. A Burning Hot Summer Philippe Garrel France
Melancholia Lars von Trier Denmark
8. House of Tolerance Bertrand Bonello France
Meek’s Cutoff Kelly Reichardt US
Super 8 J. J. Abrams US
# Film Director Country
1. Holy Motors Leos Carax France
2. Cosmopolis David Cronenberg Canada
3. Twixt Francis Ford Coppola US
4. 4:44 Last Day on Earth Abel Ferrara US
5. In Another Country Hong Sang-soo South Korea
6. Take Shelter Jeff Nichols US
7. Go Go Tales Abel Ferrara US
8. Tabu Miguel Gomes Portugal
9. Faust Alexander Sokurov Russia
10. Keep the Lights On Ira Sachs US
# Film Director Country
1. Stranger by the Lake Alain Guiraudie France
2. Spring Breakers Harmony Korine US
3. Blue Is the Warmest Colour Abdellatif Kechiche France
4. Gravity Alfonso Cuarón UK
5. A Touch of Sin Jia Zhangke China
6. Lincoln Steven Spielberg US
7. Jealousy Philippe Garrel France
8. Nobody’s Daughter Haewon Hong Sang-soo South Korea
9. You and the Night Yann Gonzalez France
10. Age of Panic Justine Triet France
# Film Director Country
1. Li’l Quinquin Bruno Dumont France
2. Goodbye to Language Jean-Luc Godard France
3. Under the Skin Jonathan Glazer UK
4. Maps to the Stars David Cronenberg Canada
5. The Wind Rises Hayao Miyazaki Japan
6. Nymphomaniac Lars von Trier Denmark
7. Mommy Xavier Dolan Canada
8. Love Is Strange Ira Sachs US
9. Paradise Alain Cavalier France
10. Our Sunhi Hong Sang-soo South Korea
# Film Director Country
1. Mia Madre Nanni Moretti France
2. Cemetery of Splendour Apichatpong Weerasethakul Thailand
3. In the Shadow of Women Philippe Garrel France
4. The Smell of Us Larry Clark France
5. Mad Max: Fury Road George Miller Australia
6. Jauja Lisandro Alonso Argentina
7. Inherent Vice Paul Thomas Anderson US
8. Arabian Nights Miguel Gomes Portugal
9. The Summer of Sangailė Alantė Kavaitė Lithuania
10. Journey to the Shore Kiyoshi Kurosawa Japan
# Film Director Country
1. Toni Erdmann Maren Ade Germany
2. Elle Paul Verhoeven France
3. The Neon Demon Nicolas Winding Refn Denmark
4. Aquarius Kleber Mendonça Filho Brazil
5. Slack Bay Bruno Dumont France
6. Julieta Pedro Almodóvar Spain
7. Staying Vertical Alain Guiraudie France
8. La Loi de la jungle Antonin Peretjatko France
9. Carol Todd Haynes US
10. Le Bois Dont Les Rêves Sont Faits Claire Simon France
# Film Director Country
1. Twin Peaks: The Return David Lynch US
2. Jeannette: The Childhood of Joan of Arc Bruno Dumont France
3. Certain Women Kelly Reichardt US
4. Get Out Jordan Peele US
5. The Day After Hong Sang-Soo South Korea
6. Lover for a Day Philippe Garrel France
7. Good Time Ben and Josh Safdie US
8. Split M. Night Shyamalan US
9. Jackie Pablo Larraín US
10. Billy Lynn’s Long Halftime Walk Ang Lee China
# Film Director Country
1. The Wild Boys Bertrand Mandico France
2. Coincoin and the Extra-Humans Bruno Dumont France
3. Phantom Thread Paul Thomas Anderson US
4. Burning Lee Chang-dong South Korea
5. Paul Sanchez est revenu! Patricia Mazuy France
6. The Post Steven Spielberg US
7. On the Beach at Night Alone Hong Sang-Soo South Korea
8. The House That Jack Built Lars von Trier Denmark
9. Leto Kirill Serebrennikov Russia
10. Treasure Island Guillaume Brac France
# Film Director Country
1. The Image Book Jean-Luc Godard France
2. Parasite Bong Joon-Ho South Korea
3. Synonyms Nadav Lapid France
4. Bacurau Kleber Mendonça Filho & Juliano Dornelles Brazil
5. Jeanne Bruno Dumont France
6. Pain and Glory Pedro Almodóvar Spain
7. Les Misérables Ladj Ly France
8. The Mule Clint Eastwood US
9. Joker Todd Phillips US
10. The Irishman Martin Scorsese US
2010s (2010–2019)
# Film Director Country
1. Twin Peaks: The Return David Lynch US
2. Holy Motors Leos Carax France
3. Li’l Quinquin Bruno Dumont France
4. Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives Apichatpong Weerasethakul Thailand
5. The Image Book Jean-Luc Godard France
6. Toni Erdmann Maren Ade Germany
7. Mia Madre Nanni Moretti Italy
8. Melancholia Lars von Trier Denmark
9. Under the Skin Jonathan Glazer United Kingdom
10. The Strange Case of Angelica Manoel de Oliveira Portugal
# Film Director Country
1. City Hall Frederick Wiseman US
2. The Woman Who Ran Hong Sang-soo South Korea
3. Uncut Gems Ben Safdie and Joshua Safdie US
4. Malmkrog Cristi Puiu Romania
5. The Things We Say, the Things We Do Emmanuel Mouret France
6. Hotel by the River Hong Sang-soo South Korea
7. Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains Gu Xiaogang China
8. The Salt of Tears Philippe Garrel France
9. Enormous Sophie Letourneur France
10. The August Virgin Jonás Trueba Spain
Filmmakers with three or more works on the lists
Jean-Luc Godard – 26
Ingmar Bergman – 14
Clint Eastwood – 12
Éric Rohmer – 12
Philippe Garrel – 11
Manoel de Oliveira – 11
David Cronenberg – 10
David Lynch – 9
Martin Scorsese – 9
Bruno Dumont – 8
Alain Resnais – 8
Hong Sang-soo – 8
Federico Fellini – 7
Alfred Hitchcock – 7
Nanni Moretti – 7
Apichatpong Weerasethakul – 7
Michelangelo Antonioni – 6
Robert Bresson – 6
Luis Buñuel – 6
Brian De Palma – 6
Hou Hsiao-Hsien – 6
Abbas Kiarostami – 6
Jacques Rivette – 6
Roberto Rossellini – 6
François Truffaut – 6
André Téchiné – 6
Jean-Marie Straub & Danièle Huillet – 6
Pedro Almodóvar – 4
Jean-Claude Brisseau – 4
Bong Joon-Ho – 4
Leos Carax – 4
Coen Brothers – 4
Francis Ford Coppola – 4
Claude Chabrol – 4
Arnaud Desplechin – 4
Abel Ferrara – 4
Howard Hawks – 4
Jia Zhangke – 4
Jerry Lewis – 4
Kenji Mizoguchi – 4
Maurice Pialat – 4
Satyajit Ray – 4
Jerzy Skolimowski – 4
Quentin Tarantino – 4
Lars von Trier – 4
Gus Van Sant – 4
Luchino Visconti – 4
Marco Bellocchio – 3
Bernardo Bertolucci – 3
Tim Burton – 3
Alain Guiraudie – 3
Shohei Imamura – 3
Benoît Jacquot – 3
Akira Kurosawa – 3
Stanley Kubrick – 3
Fritz Lang – 3
Terrence Malick – 3
Patricia Mazuy – 3
Joseph L. Mankiewicz – 3
Nicholas Ray – 3
Jean Renoir – 3
Steven Spielberg – 3
M. Night Shyamalan – 3
Orson Welles – 3

Cahiers du Cinéma: The 1950s: Neo-Realism, Hollywood, New Wave (Harvard Film Studies) Paperback
Cahiers du Cinéma: 1960–1968: New Wave, New Cinema, Reevaluating Hollywood (Paperback)
A Short History of Cahiers du Cinema (Paperback)
Scorsese on Scorsese (Cahiers Du Cinema) Hardcover
Robert De Niro: Anatomy of an Actor (Cahiers du Cinema) Hardcover

See Also –

Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives (2010)

Director: Apichatpong Weerasethakul Cinematographer: Sayombhu Mukdeeprom, Yukontorn Mingmongkon, Charin Pengpanich
 Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives (2010) on IMDb

The winner of the much coveted Grand Jury prize at Cannes, the film follows Uncle Boonmee (Thanapat Saisaymar), who, afflicted by acute kidney failure and convinced he will soon die, chooses to spend his final days surrounded by his loved ones in the countryside. Surprisingly, the ghost of his deceased wife appears and brings him guidance, and his estranged son returns home in a non-human form. Contemplating the reasons for his illness, Boonmee treks through the jungle with his family to a mysterious hilltop cave. Writer, producer and director Weerasethakul delivers an oddly unique dose of often profound magical realism that removes the boundaries between life and death and which has been recognised as one of the best films of the 2000s in several polls.

Rent (watch online)
2010 U.S. A1 Poster
Main Theme






  • Thanapat Saisaymar as Uncle Boonmee
  • Jenjira Pongpas as Jen
  • Sakda Kaewbuadee as Tong
  • Natthakarn Aphaiwong as Huay, Boonmee’s wife
  • Jeerasak Kulhong as Boonsong, Boonmee’s son
  • Kanokporn Thongaram as Roong, Jen’s friend
  • Samud Kugasang as Jai, Boonmee’s chief worker
  • Wallapa Mongkolprasert as the princess
  • Sumit Suebsee as the soldier
  • Vien Pimdee as the farmer

Directed by Apichatpong Weerasethakul
Produced by Simon Field, Keith Grifith, Charles de Meaux, Apichatpong Weerasethakul
Screenplay by Apichatpong Weerasethakul
Cinematography Sayombhu Mukdeeprom, Yukontorn Mingmongkon, Charin Pengpanich
Edited by Lee Chatametikool
Running time 114 minutes
Country Thailand
Language Isan, Thai

La commune (Paris, 1871) (2000)

Director: Peter Watkins Cinematographer: Odd-Geir Sæther
 La Commune (Paris, 1871) (2000) on IMDb

Watkins’s mammoth six hour long historical re-enactment of the radical socialist and revolutionary government, The Paris Commune, blurs the lines between documentary and fiction. Shot in a mere 13 days in an abandoned factory, the film features television style interviews with the rebellious working class of Paris and the bourgeoisie government who they forced to flee to Versailles. Some will be frustrated by the length of the work but those who are open to cinema that defies the standard narrative conventions of mainstream filmmaking, will find the engaging and provocative look at a tragic point for socialist history,  essential viewing.

Peter Watkins Collection – 5-DVD Box Set ( The Battle of Culloden / The War Game / La commune (Paris, 1871) / Punishment Park / The Gladiators ) ( Culloden / La bombe / La commune [ NON-USA FORMAT, PAL, Reg.2 Import – France ]





Eliane Annie Adalto … Laundress
Pierre Barbieux … Child in Cour Popincourt
Bernard Bombeau … Baker
Maylis Bouffartigue … Marie-Louise Théron
Geneviève Capy … Doctor’s wife
Anne Carlier … Laundress
Véronique Couzon … Marie-Louise Beauger
Piotr Daskiewicz … Polish Officer
Nicole Defer … Owner of dressmaking workshop & laundry
Patrick Dell’Isola … Emile Léonard Morterol
Jürgen Ellinghaus … Versailles Army Officer
Caroline Esnard-Benoit … Baker’s wife
Roland Fontaine … Child in Cour Popincourt
Przermyslaw Galkiewicz … Polish Officer
Jean-Michel Gallois … Concièrge

Directed by Peter Watkins
Screenplay by Agathe Bluysen, Peter Watkins
Cinematography Odd-Geir Sæther
Edited by Agathe Bluysen, Patrick Watkins, Peter Watkins
Running time 345 minutes
Country France
Language French


Voter’s Lists – BBC’s 100 Greatest Films of the 21st Century

In August 2016 the good old BBC compiled a list of the 100 greatest films of the 21st century from results gathered from 177 film Critics from around the world. The critics and academics were asked to pick their top ten films. Although it should be pointed out that nearly almost half of these critics were from the United States, there’s a good selection of international films and it’s hard to argue against the top ten. Below are links to some of those who contributed their top 10 picks for the poll. See Full Results.

Michael Atkinson (Village Voice)

Michael Atkinson (The Village Voice) 10 Best films since 2000

Michael Atkinson is an American writer, poet and film critic. He has written widely on film and culture, in Sight & Sound, The Village Voice, The Guardian, Film Comment, The Believer, In These Times, The Criterion Collection, Rolling Stone, The Progressive, Spin, Maxim, The Boston Phoenix, Details, Moving Image Source,,, Movieline, The Poetry Foundation, Chicago Reader, LA Weekly, The Stranger, The American Prospect, Baltimore City Paper, Modern Painters, and other publications. In 2006 Atkinson was one of 177 critics from around the world who picked their best 10 films from the 21st century for the BBC’s 100 Greatest Films of the 21st Century (2016). Below are his picks in order of preference.

1. La commune (Paris, 1871) (Peter Watkins, 2000)
2. Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives (Apichatpong Weerasethakul, 2010)
3. 2046 (Wong Kar-wai, 2004)
4. Adaptation (Spike Jonze, 2002)
5. Battle in Heaven (Carlos Reygadas, 2005)
6. Cache (Hidden) (Michael Haneke, 2005)
7. Inland Empire (David Lynch, 2006)
8. Mulholland Drive (David Lynch, 2001)
9. Mysteries of Lisbon (Raoul Ruiz, 2010)
10. Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (Michel Gondry, 2004)

Battle in Heaven (2005)

Director: Carlos Reygadas Cinematographer: Diego Martínez Vignatti
 Battle in Heaven (2005) on IMDb

The second feature film by Mexican director Carlos Reygadas, who previously directed Japón, follows an overweight, poverty-stricken chauffeur (Marcos Hernández) and his equally downtrodden wife (Bertha Ruiz) who kidnap a baby boy for ransom money. Their longing for a better life is shattered when the child accidentally dies leaving the husband struggling with his conscience. The film may have polarised critics due to its provocatively explicit sexual content, but Battle in Heaven manages to fulfil the promise of Reygadas’s expansive, sometimes brilliant first feature with a challenging and uncompromising look at the tensions and inherent hypocrisies of Mexico’s social structure.

Cineaste (Vol. XXXI 31 No. 3) Summer 2006 Bollywood and Beyond, Preston Sturges, Iranian Cinema, Carlos Reygadas on Battle in Heaven






  • Marcos Hernández – Marcos
  • Anapola Mushkadiz – Ana
  • Bertha Ruiz – Marcos’ Wife
  • David Bornstein – Jaime
  • Rosalinda Ramirez – Viky
  • El Abuelo – Chief of Police
  • Brenda Angulo – Madame
  • El Mago – Preacher
  • Francisco ‘El Gato’ Martínez – Gas Station Attendant
  • Diego Martínez Vignatti – Soccer Player
  • Alejandro Mayar – Police Inspector
  • Chavo Nava – Neurotic Conductor
  • Estela Tamariz – Ines

Directed by Carlos Reygadas
Produced by Philippe Bober, Susanne Marian, Carlos Reygadas, Jaime Romandia, Joseph Rouschop
Screenplay by Carlos Reygadas
Music by John Tavener
Cinematography Diego Martínez Vignatti
Edited by Adoración G. Elipe, Benjamin Mirguet, Carlos Reygadas, Nicolas Schmerkin
Running time 98 minutes
Country Mexico
Language Spanish

Sight & Sound’s films of the decade (2010)

For the February 2010 issue of the BFI’s Sight & Sound magazine, the editorial team, Nick James, Kieron Corless, James Bell, Isabel Stevens and Nick Bradshaw came up with a list of 30 key films of the first decade of the 21st century. Each contributor selected their own top 20 but the debate between them led to coming up with the list of 30. Nick James makes it clear that TV series or mini-series were not considered for the list and they only allowed for directors to have one entry each. The 30 films are listed in alphabetical order.

Spike Jonze, 2002

Battle in Heaven
Carlos Reygadas, 2005

The Beat That My Heart Skipped
Jacques Audiard, 2005

The Bourne Ultimatum
Paul Greengrass, 2007

Colossal Youth
Pedro Costa, 2006

The Death of Mr Lazarescu
Cristi Puiu, 2005

Eloge de l’amour
Jean-Luc Godard, 2001

The Five Obstructions
Jørgen Leth, Lars von Trier, 2003

The Gleaners and I
Agnès Varda, 2000

Hidden (Caché)
Michael Haneke, 2004

Inland Empire
David Lynch, 2006

In the Mood For Love
Wong Kar-Wai, 2000

Memories of Murder
Bong Joon-ho, 2003

La niña santa (The Holy Girl)
Lucrecia Martel, 2004

A One and a Two… (Yi Yi)
Edward Yang, 2000

Jia Zhangke, 2000

Russian Ark
Aleksandr Sokurov, 2002

The Son
Jean-Pierre & Luc Dardenne, 2002

Spirited Away
Miyazaki Hayao, 2001

Talk to Her
Pedro Almodóvar, 2002

Abbas Kiarostami, 2002

There Will Be Blood
Paul Thomas Anderson, 2007

35 Shots of Rum
Claire Denis, 2008

Touching the Void
Kevin Macdonald, 2003

Tropical Malady
Apichatpong Weerasethakul, 2004

United Red Army
Wakamatsu Koji, 2008

Uzak (Distant)
Nuri Bilge Ceylan, 2003

Waiting for Happiness
Abderrahmane Sissako, 2002

Werckmeister Harmonies
Béla Tarr, Agnes Hranitzky, 2000

Workingman’s Death
Michael Glawogger, 2005
Sight & Sound ~ May 2018 ~ BFI Film Magazine 120 BPM Lean on Pete Woodfall Films
The BFI Companion to Crime (Paperback)
Spirited Away (BFI Film Classics) Paperback




Adaptation. (2002)

Director: Spike Jonze Cinematographer: Lance Acord
 Adaptation. (2002) on IMDb

The second collaboration between screenwriter Charlie Kaufman and directer Spike Jonze, after the brilliant Being John Malkovich, is based both on Susan Orlean’s non-fiction book The Orchid Thief and Kaufman’s experience attempting to adapt the book into a screenplay while suffering from writer’s block. The film follows a fictional version of Kaufman (Nicholas Cage) who is confused and overwhelmed by feelings of inadequacy, sexual frustration, self-loathing and having to deal with his identical twin brother (a totally fictitious character also played by Cage) which is only worsened when he is hired for the adaptation. Maybe too surreal and experimental for some tastes but for those attuned to this style of filmmaking, Adaptation is an audaciously original comedy satire that seamlessly blends Kaufman’s genuine problems adapting the book with the troubles of the fictionalised characters.

Buy or Rent (watch online)
The Shooting Script (Paperback)
Four Screenplays: Being John Malkovich / Adaptation. / Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind / Synecdoche, New York (Paperback)





    • Nicolas Cage as Charlie Kaufman / Donald Kaufman
    • Meryl Streep as Susan Orlean
    • Chris Cooper as John Laroche
    • Cara Seymour as Amelia Kavan
    • Brian Cox as Robert McKee
    • Tilda Swinton as Valerie Thomas
    • Ron Livingston as Marty Bowen
    • Maggie Gyllenhaal as Caroline Cunningham
    • Judy Greer as Alice
    • Bob Yerkes as Charles Darwin
    • Jim Beaver as Ranger Tony
    • Litefoot as Russell
    • Jay Tavare as Matthew Osceola
    • Doug Jones as Augustus Margary
    • Peter Jason as Defense Attorney

Directed by Spike Jonze
Produced by Jonathan Demme, Vincent Landay, Edward Saxon
Screenplay by Charlie Kaufman
Music by Carter Burwell
Cinematography Lance Acord
Edited by Eric Zumbrunnen
Running time 114 minutes
Country United States
Language English

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