The Pendragon Society’s 1000 Greatest Films (2020) 200-181


200. Chronicle of a Summer (1961) Dir. Jean Rouch, Edgar Morin

Real-life individuals discuss topics on society, happiness in the working class among others and with those testimonies the filmmakers create fictional moments based on their interviews. Later on, the individuals discuss the images created.

199. The Thin Red Line (1998) Dir. Terrence Malick, 170 mins.

Based on the novel by James Jones, it tells a fictionalised version of the Battle of Mount Austen, which was part of the Guadalcanal Campaign in the Pacific Theatre of World War II. It portrays soldiers of C Company, 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division, played by Sean Penn, Jim Caviezel, Nick Nolte, Elias Koteas and Ben Chaplin. It features Malick’s standard dose of stunning cinematography as well as a haunting soundtrack from Hans Zimmer.

198. La Strada (1954) Dir. Federico Fellini, 108 mins.

The film that first brought Fellini international fame and began his break with neo-realism, follows a naive young woman, Gelsomina (Giulietta Masina), who is bought from her impoverished mother by a brutish circus strongman, Zampanò (Anthony Quinn) to be his wife and partner. She loyally endures his coldness and foul abusive behaviour while he takes her with him to perform across a bleak Italian countryside. Inspired by the writer/director’s own circus background, the production had many problems, including insecure finance, casting issues, delays and Fellini suffering a nervous breakdown. However, despite this and a harsh critical reaction on release, the film is now recognised for its simple, yet strikingly original narrative, the breakthrough performance of Fellini’s wife and muse, Masina and for its great influence on Italian cinema such as the filmmaker’s own future masterpieces, La Dolce Vita (1960), 8 1/2 (1963) and Amarcord (1974). More…

197. Umberto D. (1952) Dir. Vittorio De Sica, 89 mins.

The film follows Umberto Domenico Ferrari (Carlo Battisti), a poor elderly man in Rome who is desperately trying to keep his rented room. His landlady (Lina Gennari) is evicting him, and his only true friends, the housemaid (Maria-Pia Casilio) and his dog Flike (called ‘Flag’ in some subtitled versions of the film) are of no help. Remarkably most of the actors, including Battisti, were non-professional. Watch

196. Cries and Whispers (1972) Dir. Ingmar Bergman, 91 mins.

The film, set in a mansion at the end of the 19th century, is about three sisters and a servant who struggle with the terminal cancer of one of the sisters (Harriet Andersson). The servant (Kari Sylwan) is close to her, while the other two sisters (Liv Ullmann and Ingrid Thulin) confront their emotional distance from each other.

195. Breaking the Waves (1996) Dir. Lars von Trier, 153 mins.

Set in the Scottish Highlands in the early 1970s, von Trier’s devastating drama is about an unusual young woman, Bess McNeill, and of the love she has for Jan, her husband, who asks her to have sex with other men when he becomes immobilised from a work accident. Watch

194. The Servant (1963) Dir. Joseph Losey, 112 mins.

Thanks to his leftist political leanings, American director Joseph Losey was forced to escape McCarthy’s black list and move to Britain in the early 50s. However, his critical reputation wasn’t established until a decade later when he made the first of a three film collaboration with British playwright Harold Pinter. The Servant is a tightly-constructed psychological drama that examines issues relating to class, servitude and the ennui of the upper classes predominantly through the relationship between Dirk Bogarde’s sinister man servant and his young aristocratic employer James Fox. The film is perhaps the directors best work as it successfully combines his stylized social criticism with Pinter’s subtlety.

193. American Beauty (1999) Dir. Sam Mendes, 122 mins.

Kevin Spacey stars as Lester Burnham, a 42-year-old advertising executive who has a midlife crisis when he becomes infatuated with his teenage daughter’s best friend, Angela (Mena Suvari).

192. Greed (1924) Dir. Erich von Stroheim, 239 mins.

The film tells the story of McTeague, a San Francisco dentist, who marries his best friend Schouler’s girlfriend Trina. Shortly after their engagement, Trina wins a lottery prize of $5,000, at that time a substantial sum. Schouler jealously informs the authorities that McTeague had been practising dentistry without a license, and McTeague and Trina become impoverished.

191. Welfare (1975) Dir. Frederick Wiseman, 167 mins.

A profile of the welfare system that focuses on workers and clients struggling to interpret the rules and laws that govern their lives.

190. The Last Laugh (1924) Dir. F.W. Murnau, 90 mins.

Regarded amongst the greatest silent films of Weimar cinema, Murnau’s drama was hugely influential for its combination of Karl Freund’s remarkable cinematography and Emil Jannings lead performance. The only international star working in Germany in the 1920s, Jannings brought his commanding presence to the role of a hotel doorman, who, fiercely proud of his job, comports himself like a general in his resplendent costume, and is treated like royalty by his friends and neighbours. The posh hotel’s insensitive new manager, noting that Jannings seems winded after carrying a heavy trunk for a patron, decides that the old man is no longer up to his job and demotes him to a restroom attendant. Although criticised for an upbeat commercial fantasy ending, that was insisted on by the UFA, The Last Laugh heralded a new presence for German films internationally. It remains notable thanks to the psychological realism of Jannings’s acting,  Freund’s exceptional camera work, with which he attained an unprecedented degree of camera movement and for Murnau’s creation of an artistic language of film based purely on the expressive qualities of the image.

189. My Neighbor Totoro (1988) Dir. Hayao Miyazaki, 86 mins.

The film tells the charming story of the two young daughters (Satsuki and Mei) of a professor and their interactions with friendly wood spirits, particularly Totoro, in postwar rural Japan.

188. It’s Such a Beautiful Day (2012) Dir. Don Hertzfeldt, 62 mins.

The film is divided into three chapters and follows the story of a stick-figure man named Bill, who struggles with his failing memory and absurdist visions, among other symptoms of an unknown neurological illness, implied to be brain cancer.

187. Star Wars (1977) Dir. George Lucas, 121 mins.

Lucas’s space opera follows farmhand Luke Skywalker (Mark Hamill), who’s isolated life is disrupted when he inadvertently acquires two droids that possess architectural plot focuses on the Rebel Alliance, led by Princess Leia (Carrie Fisher), and its attempt to destroy the Galactic Empire’s space station, the Death Star.

186. Raiders of the Lost Ark (1981) Dir. Steven Spielberg, 115 mins.

Spielberg’s marvelously crafted action adventure pits Indiana Jones (Harrison Ford) against a group of Nazis who are searching for the Ark of the Covenant, which Adolf Hitler believes will make his army invincible. Watch

185. Do the Right Thing (1989) Dir. Spike Lee, 120 mins.

Mookie (Spike Lee) is living in a black and Puerto Rican neighbourhood in Brooklyn with his sister, Jade and works as a pizza delivery man for a local pizzeria. Sal (Danny Aiello), the pizzeria’s Italian-American owner, has been in the neighbourhood for 25 years, but his older son Pino (John Turturro) intensely dislikes blacks, and does not get along with Mookie. Because of this, Pino is at odds with both his father, who refuses to leave the increasingly African-American neighbourhood, and his younger brother Vito (Richard Edson), who is friendly with Mookie. The simmering racial tension culminates in tragedy on a hot summer day.

184. The Color of Pomegranates (1968) Dir. Sergei Parajanov, 79 mins.

Parajanov’s Armenian masterpiece is based in part on the life of the 18th-century poet, Sayat Nova (‘The King of Song’). Renowned for his writings and his religious lifestyle, he became a martyr when he grew too influential for the authorities to control. Displaying a baroque aestheticism that has influenced several generations of directors throughout the USSR (Tarkovsky was an admirer), The Color of Pomegranates is revolutionary in its style and arguably the masterwork of one of world cinema’s most underappreciated filmmakers.

183. The Magnificent Ambersons (1942) Dir. Orson Welles, 88 mins.

Welles adapted Booth Tarkington’s Pulitzer Prize–winning 1918 novel, about the declining fortunes of a proud Midwestern family and the social changes brought by the automobile age.

182. Werckmeister Harmonies (2000) Dir. Bela Tarr, Agnes Hranitzky, 145 mins.

Shot in black-and-white and composed of thirty-nine languidly paced shots, the film describes the aimlessness and anomie of a small town on the Hungarian plain that falls under the influence of a sinister travelling circus.

181. Tie Xi Qu: West of the Tracks (2002) Dir. Wang Bing, 551 mins.

Tie Xi Qu was filmed over the course of two years between 1999 and 2001 and details the slow decline of Shenyang’s industrial Tiexi district, an area that was once a vibrant example of China’s socialist economy. With the rise of the free market and the move towards other industries, however, the factories of Tiexi have all begun to be closed down and with them much of the district’s worker-based infrastructure and social constructs.


The Pendragon Society’s 1000 Greatest Films (2019) 140-121


140. It’s a Wonderful Life (1946) Dir. Frank Capra, 130 mins.

The film stars James Stewart as George Bailey, a man who has given up his dreams in order to help others, and whose imminent suicide on Christmas Eve brings about the intervention of his guardian angel, Clarence Odbody (Henry Travers). Clarence shows George all the lives he has touched and how different life in his community of Bedford Falls would be like if he had never been born.

139. Fargo (1996) Dir. Joel & Ethan Coen, 98 mins.

Featuring some terrific dark humour, Fargo stars Frances McDormand as a pregnant Minnesota police chief investigating roadside homicides that ensue after a desperate car salesman (William H. Macy) hires two criminals (Steve Buscemi and Peter Stormare) to kidnap his wife in order to extort a hefty ransom from his wealthy father-in-law (Harve Presnell).

138. A Matter of Life and Death (1946) Dir. Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger, 104 mins.

Known as Stairway To Heaven in the US, the film follows Squadron Leader Peter Carter (David Niven) a British Second World War Royal Air Force pilot trying to nurse a badly damaged and burning Lancaster bomber home after a mission in May 1945.

137. Moonlight (2016) Dir. Barry Jenkins, 110 mins.

The film presents three stages in the life of the main character, his youth, adolescence and early adult life. It explores the difficulties he faces with his sexuality and identity, including the physical and emotional abuse he endures growing up.

136. McCabe & Mrs. Miller (1971) Dir. Robert Altman, 120 mins.

In a small American frontier village, a stranger named McCabe (Warren Beatty) builds a brothel with the help of experienced madame Mrs. Miller (Julie Christie). The town soon prospers, and success brings the jealous, and potentially deadly, attentions of a wealthy mining company.

135. Greed (1924) Dir. Erich von Stroheim, 239 mins.

The film tells the story of McTeague, a San Francisco dentist, who marries his best friend Schouler’s girlfriend Trina. Shortly after their engagement, Trina wins a lottery prize of $5,000, at that time a substantial sum. Schouler jealously informs the authorities that McTeague had been practising dentistry without a license, and McTeague and Trina become impoverished.

134. Gone with the Wind (1939) Dir. Victor Fleming, 238 mins.

Set in the American South against the backdrop of the American Civil War and the Reconstruction era, the film tells the story of Scarlett O’Hara (Vivien Leigh), the strong-willed daughter of a Georgia plantation owner, from her romantic pursuit of Ashley Wilkes, who is married to his cousin, Melanie Hamilton, to her marriage to Rhett Butler (Clark Gable).

133. Au Hasard Balthazar (1966) Dir. Robert Bresson, 95 mins.

Believed to be inspired by a passage from Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s novel The Idiot, the film follows a donkey as he is given to various owners, most of whom treat him callously.

132. The Big Lebowski (1998) Dir. Joel & Ethan Coen, 117 mins.

It stars Jeff Bridges as Jeffrey “The Dude” Lebowski, a Los Angeles slacker and avid bowler. He is assaulted as a result of mistaken identity, after which The Dude learns that a millionaire also named Jeffrey Lebowski was the intended victim. The millionaire Lebowski’s trophy wife is kidnapped, and he commissions The Dude to deliver the ransom to secure her release.

131. Playtime (1967) Dir. Jacques Tati, 155 mins.

Mr. Hulot tries to function in an unrecognisable Paris of modernistic glass-and-steel skyscrapers.

130. Pierrot le fou (1965) Dir. Jean-Luc Godard, 110 mins.

After abandoning his wife and infant daughter for the new babysitter, a woman he’d loved and lost several years earlier, an errant husband embarks on a haphazard road to tragedy. Right up there with Godard’s best work.

129. American Beauty (1999) Dir. Sam Mendes, 122 mins.

Kevin Spacey stars as Lester Burnham, a 42-year-old advertising executive who has a midlife crisis when he becomes infatuated with his teenage daughter’s best friend, Angela (Mena Suvari).

128. The Spirit of the Beehive (1973) Dir. Victor Erice, 97 mins.

The film focuses on a young girl Ana and her fascination with the 1931 American horror film Frankenstein, as well as exploring her family life and schooling.

127. Man With a Movie Camera (1929) Dir. Dziga Vertov, 68 mins.

Vertov’s filmic manifesto, produced by the studio VUFKU, presents a utopian image of urban life in the Soviet cities of Kiev, Kharkov, Moscow and Odessa. Vertov proclaimed the film an experiment, and it is made without actors, intertitles, a script or sets, showing from dawn to dusk, Soviet citizens at work and at play, and interacting with the machinery of modern life. A tour de force in theoretical cinema, the film is only a documentary by material and more a summary of the themes of the ‘kinoki’ movement, the image of the worker perfect as the machine and that of the filmmaker as socially as useful as the factory worker. The culmination of a decade of audacious and controversial work in non fiction filmmaking for Vertov, The Man With the Movie Camera is one of the of the most unusual works in cinema history and was seen as hopelessly out of date on release thanks to its utopian ideals around city living, but for those with an open mind to different filmmaking techniques it can be a memorable viewing experience. For all the criticism and its avant-garde ambitions, it is one of the few silent films that strongly conveys a sense of everyday life in Soviet Russia. More…

126. Contempt (1963) Dir. Jean-Luc Godard, 103 mins.

Contempt is the story of the end of a marriage. Camille (Brigitte Bardot) falls out of love with her husband Paul (Michel Piccoli) while he is rewriting the screenplay Odyssey by American producer Jeremiah Prokosch (Jack Palance). Just as the director of Prokosch’s film, Fritz Lang, says that The Odyssey is the story of individuals confronting their situations in a real world, Contempt itself is an examination of the position of the filmmaker in the commercial cinema.

125. The Conversation (1974) Dir. Francis Ford Coppola, 113 mins.

The plot revolves around a surveillance expert and the moral dilemma he faces when his recordings reveal a potential murder.

124. Full Metal Jacket (1987) Dir. Stanley Kubrick, 116 mins.

Its storyline follows a platoon of U.S. Marines through their training, primarily focusing on two privates, Joker and Pyle, who struggle to get through camp under their foul-mouthed drill instructor, Gunnery Sergeant Hartman, and the experiences of two of the platoon’s Marines in the Tet Offensive during the Vietnam War. Becomes somewhat disjointed when it reaches Vietnam but that’s probably to do with war being just that.

123. Aliens (1986) Dir. James Cameron, 137 mins.

Much more of an action film than Ridley Scott’s original, the film follows Ellen Ripley (Sigourney Weaver) as she returns to the moon where her crew encountered the hostile Alien creature, this time accompanied by a unit of space marines.

122. Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) Dir. Steven Spielberg, 135 mins.

Made during Spielberg’s most fertile period, the film tells the story of Roy Neary (Richard Dreyfuss), an everyday blue-collar worker in Indiana, whose life changes after an encounter with an unidentified flying object (UFO).

121. The Apartment (1960) Dir. Billy Wilder, 125 mins.

The film follows C. C. “Bud” Baxter (Jack Lemmon), an insurance company clerk who permits his bosses to use his Upper West Side apartment to conduct extramarital affairs in hope of gaining a promotion. Simultaneously Bud pursues a relationship with elevator operator Fran Kubelik (Shirley MacLaine), unaware she is having an affair with one of the apartment’s users (Fred MacMurray).



Orson Welles’s Favourite Films

George Orson Welles was an American actor, director, writer, and producer who worked in theatre, radio, and film. He is remembered for his innovative work in all three: in theatre, most notably Caesar (1937), a Broadway adaptation of William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar; in radio, the legendary 1938 broadcast “The War of the Worlds”; and in film, Citizen Kane (1941), consistently ranked as one of the greatest films ever made. Below are his ten favourite films.

1. City Lights (Chaplin, 1931).
2. Greed (von Stroheim, 1924).
3. Intolerance (Griffith, 1916).
4. Nanook of the North (Flaherty, 1922).
5. Shoeshine (De Sica, 1946).
6. Battleship Potemkin (Eisenstein, 1925).
7. La Femme du boulanger (Pagnol, 1938).
8. La Grande Illusion (Renoir, 1937).
9. Stagecoach (Ford, 1939).
10. Our Daily Bread (Vidor, 1934).
Orson Welles: A Biography (audiobook)
Orson Welles, Volume 1: The Road to Xanadu (Paperback)
Orson Welles, Volume 3: One-Man Band (Hardcover)
My Lunches with Orson: Conversations between Henry Jaglom and Orson Welles (kindle)
Citizen Welles: A Biography of Orson Welles (kindle)

TIFF’s Essential 100

In 2010, the Toronto International Film Festival released its “Essential 100” list of films, which merged one list of the 100 greatest films of all time as determined by an expert panel of TIFF curators with another list determined by TIFF stakeholders. The list reads like a definitive guide to the best of world cinema.

1 THE PASSION OF JOAN OF ARC (Carl Theodor Dreyer)
2 CITIZEN KANE (Orson Welles)
3 L’AVVENTURA (Michaelangelo Antonioni)
4 THE GODFATHER (Francis Ford Coppola)
5 PICKPOCKET (Robert Bresson)
6 SEVEN SAMURAI (Akira Kurosawa)
7 PATHER PANCHALI (Satyajit Ray)
8 CASABLANCA (Michael Curtiz)
10 BICYCLE THIEVES (Vittorio De Sica)
11 ALI: FEAR EATS THE SOUL (Rainer Werner Fassbinder)
12 8 ½ (Federico Fellini)
13 BATTLESHIP POTEMKIN (Sergei Eisenstein)
14 RASHOMON (Akira Kurosawa)
15 TOKYO STORY (Yasujiro Ozu)
16 THE 400 BLOWS (François Truffaut)
17 UGETSU (Kenji Mizoguchi)
18 BREATHLESS (Jean-Luc Godard)
19 L’ATALANTE (Jean Vigo)
20 CINEMA PARADISO (Giuseppe Tornatore)
23 PERSONA (Ingmar Bergman)
24 GONE WITH THE WIND (Victor Fleming)
25 SUNRISE (F.W. Murnau)
26 2001: A SPACE ODYSSEY (Stanley Kubrick)
27 VOYAGE IN ITALY (Roberto Rossellini)
28 AMÉLIE (Jean-Pierre Jeunet)
29 CITY LIGHTS (Charlie Chaplin)
30 STAR WARS (George Lucas)
31 SHERLOCK JR. (Buster Keaton)
32 RULES OF THE GAME (Jean Renoir)
33 THE LEOPARD (Luchino Visconti)
34 LA DOLCE VITA (Federico Fellini)
35 L’ARRIVÉE D’UN TRAIN À LA CIOTAT (Frères LumiereLouis Lumière and Auguste Lumière)
36 THE WIZARD OF OZ (Victor Fleming)
37 LA JETÉE (Chris Marker)
38 VERTIGO (Alfred Hitchcock)
39 NIGHT AND FOG (Alain Resnais)
40 PULP FICTION (Quentin Tarantino)
41 THE SEARCHERS (John Ford)
43 THE CONFORMIST (Bernardo Bertolucci)
44 CITY OF GOD (Fernando Meirelles)
45 TAXI DRIVER (Martin Scorsese)
46 APOCALYPSE NOW (Francis Ford Coppola)
47 SALÓ, OR THE 120 DAYS OF SODOM (Pier Paolo Pasolini)
48 THE SEVENTH SEAL (Ingmar Bergman)
49 LE VOYAGE DANS LA LUNE (Georges Méliès)
50 METROPOLIS (Fritz Lang)

51 THE BATTLE OF ALGIERS (Gillo Pontecorvo)
52 IN THE MOOD FOR LOVE (Wong Kar Wai)
53 VIRIDIANA (Luis Buñuel)
54 LIFE IS BEAUTIFUL (Roberto Benigni)
55 THE SORROW AND THE PITY (Marcel Ophüls)
56 PAN’S LABYRINTH (Guillermo del Toro)
58 BLADE RUNNER (Ridley Scott)
59 THROUGH THE OLIVE TREES (Abbas Kiarostami)
61 BRINGING UP BABY (Howard Hawks)
62 SINGIN’ IN THE RAIN (Stanley Donen)
63 JOHNNY GUITAR (Nicholas Ray)
64 A CLOCKWORK ORANGE (Stanley Kubrick)
66 M (Fritz Lang)
67 SCORPIO RISING (Kenneth Anger)
68 PSYCHO (Alfred Hitchcock)
69 DUST IN THE WIND (Hou Hsiao-Hsien)
70 SCHINDLER’S LIST (Steven Spielberg)
71 NASHVILLE (Robert Altman)
73 WAVELENGTH (Michael Snow)
74 JULES ET JIM (François Truffaut)
75 CHRONIQUE D’UN ÉTÉ (Edgar Morin and Jean Rouch)
76 THE LIVES OF OTHERS (Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck)
77 GREED (Erich von Stroheim)
78 SOME LIKE IT HOT (Billy Wilder)
79 JAWS (Steven Spielberg)
80 ANNIE HALL (Woody Allen)
81 THE BIRTH OF A NATION (D.W. Griffith)
83 LA NOIRE DE… (Ousmane Sembene)
84 RAGING BULL (Martin Scorsese)
86 CHINATOWN (Roman Polanski)
87 ANDREI RUBLEV (Andrei Tarkovsky)
88 WINGS OF DESIRE (Wim Wenders)
89 VIDEODROME (David Cronenberg)
90 WRITTEN ON THE WIND (Douglas Sirk)
91 THE THIRD MAN (Carol Reed)
92 BLUE VELVET (David Lynch)
94 BREAKING THE WAVES (Lars von Trier)
95 A NOS AMOURS (Maurice Pialat)
96 CLEO DE 5 A 7 (Agnès Varda)
97 ALL ABOUT MY MOTHER (Pedro Almodóvar)
98 EARTH (Aleksandr Dovzhenko)
99 OLDBOY (Park Chan-wook)
100 PLAYTIME (Jacques Tati)

The 100 most beautiful films in the world

In 2008 Le Figaro polled 76 participants: critics, screenwriters and directors to come up with a list of the one hundred most beautiful films in the world. Citizen Kane predictably came top while Charles Laughton’s only film, The Night of the Hunter was second along with the highest ranked French Film from Jean Renoir, The Rule of the game. Charlie Chaplin is the only one to have five films listed. The most recent titles are Talk to Her by Pedro Almodovar (2002) and Mulholland Drive (2001).

1st : Citizen Kane, Orson Welles.
2nd tie : The Night of the Hunter, Charles Laughton; The Rules of the Game, Jean Renoir.
3rd : Sunrise, Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau.
4th : L’Atalante, Jean Vigo.
5th : M, Fritz Lang.
6th : Singin’ the Rain, Stanley Donen and Gene Kelly.
7th : Vertigo, Alfred Hitchcock.
8th tie : The Children of Paradise, Marcel Carné; The Searchers, John Ford; Greed, Eric von Stroheim.
9th tie : Rio Bravo, Howard Hawks; To Be or Not to Be, Ernst Lubitsch.
10th : Tokyo Story, Yasujiro Ozu.
11th : Contempt, Jean-Luc Godard.
12th tie : Ugetsu, Kenji Mizoguchi; City Lights, Charles Chaplin; The General Buster Keaton; Nosferatu, Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau; The Music Room, Satyajit Ray.
13th tie : Freaks, Tod Browning; Johnny Guitar, Nicholas Ray; The Mother and the Whore, Jean Eustache.
14th tie : The Dictator, Charles Chaplin; The Leopard, Luchino Visconti; Hiroshima My Love, Alain Resnais; Pandora’s Box, GW Pabst; North By Northwest, Alfred Hitchcock; Pickpocket, Robert Bresson.
15th tie : Casque d’or, Jacques Becker; The Barefoot Contessa, Joseph Mankiewicz; Moonfleet, Fritz Lang; Madame de …, Max Ophuls; Le Plaisir, Max Ophuls; The Deer Hunter, Michael Cimino.
16th tie : L’Avventura, Michelangelo Antonioni; Battleship Potemkin, SM Eisenstein; Notorious, Alfred Hitchcock; Ivan the Terrible, SM Eisenstein; The Godfather, Francis Ford Coppola; Touch of Evil, Orson Welles; The Wind, Victor Sjöström.
17th tie : 2001: The Space Odyssey, Stanley Kubrick; Fanny and Alexander, Ingmar Bergman.
18th tie : The Crowd, King Vidor; Eight and a half, Federico Fellini; La Jetee, Chris Marker; Pierrot le Fou, Jean-Luc Godard; The Story of a Cheat, Sacha Guitry.
19th tie : Amarcord, Federico Fellini; Beauty and the Beast, Jean Cocteau; Some like it hot, Billy Wilder; Some Came Running, Vincente Minnelli; Gertrud, Carl Th. Dreyer; King Kong, Ernest Schoedsack and Merian J. Cooper; Laura, Otto Preminger; The Seven Samurai, Akira Kurosawa.
20th tie : The 400 Blows, François Truffaut; La Dolce Vita, Federico Fellini; The Dead, John Huston; Trouble in Paradise Ernst Lubitsch; It’s a Wonderful Life, Frank Capra; Mr. Verdoux, Charles Chaplin; The Passion of Joan of Arc, Carl Th. Dreyer.
21st tie : Breathless, Jean-Luc Godard; Apocalypse Now, Francis Ford Coppola; Barry Lindon, Stanley Kubrick; The Grand Illusion, Jean Renoir; Intolerance,  DW Griffith; A Day in the Country, Jean Renoir; Playtime, Jacques Tati; Rome open city, Roberto Rossellini; Senso, Luchino Visconti; Modern Times, Charles Chaplin; Van Gogh, Maurice Pialat.
22nd tie : An Affair to Remember, Leo McCarey; Andrei Rublev, Andrei Tarkovsky; The Scarlet Empress, Joseph von Sternberg; Sansho the Bailiff, Kenji Mizoguchi; Talk to Her, Pedro Almodovar; The Party, Blake Edwards; Tabu, FM Murna; The Band Wagon, Vincente Minnelli; A Star is Born, George Cukor; Les Vacances de M. Hulot, Jacques Tati.
23rd tie : America America, Elia Kazan; El, Luis Bunuel; Kiss Me Deadly, Robert Aldrich; Once Upon a Time in America, Sergio Leone; Le jour se lève, Marcel Carné; Letter from an unknown Woman, Max Ophuls; Lola, Jacques Demy; Manhattan, Woody Allen; Mulholland Drive, David Lynch; My night at Maud’s, Eric Rohmer; Night and Fog, Alain Resnais; The Gold Rush, Charles Chaplin; Scarface, Howard Hawks; Bicycle thieves, Vittorio de Sica; Napoleon, Abel Gance.

Derek Malcolm’s Top 100 Films of the Century

Invited by the Guardian newspaper to compile his best films of the 20th century at the turn of the millennium, distinguished film writer and critic Derek Malcolm chose and wrote essays on the one hundred films, by one hundred different directors, he personally felt best represented 20th century world cinema. This work was then published in book form – ‘A Century of Films: Derek Malcolm’s Personal Best’ – in November 2000. A decade later Malcolm said he would add A Separation, The Death of Mr Lazarescu, Festen and Silent Souls at the expense of Swing High Swing Low, Trash, Behind the Green Door and The Bitter Tea of General Yen. Whilst Malcolm listed the films in a numerical order he has always stated that they are in no particular order. Buy – A Century of Films: Derek Malcom’s Personal Best (Paperback)

  1. Touch of Evil (Orson Welles, 1958)
  2. The Music Room (Satyajit Ray, 1958)
  3. Rio Bravo (Howard Hawks, 1959)
  4. The Marriage of Maria Braun (Rainer Werner Fassbinder, 1978)
  5. L’Atalante (Jean Vigo, 1926)
  6. The Band Wagon (Vincente Minnelli, 1953)
  7. Earrings of Madame De. (Max Ophuls, 1953)
  8. Fires Were Started (Humphrey Jennings, 1943)
  9. Throne of Blood (Akira Kurosawa, 1957)
  10. Paths of Glory (Stanley Kubrick, 1957)
  11. The Taking of Power by Louis XIV (Roberto Rossellini, 1966)
  12. Johnny Guitar (Nicholas Ray, 1953)
  13. Viridiana (Luis Buñuel, 1961)
  14. The Night of the Hunter (Charles Laughton, 1955)
  15.  (Federico Fellini, 1963)
  16. Freaks (Tod Browning, 1932)
  17. The Unfaithful Wife (La Femme infidèle) (Claude Chabrol, 1968)
  18. Ashes and Diamonds (Andrzej Wajda, 1958)
  19. Brief Encounter (David Lean, 1945)
  20. WR: Mysteries of the Organism (Dusan Makavejev, 1971)
  21. Wild Strawberries (Ingmar Bergman, 1957)
  22. LBJ (Santiago Alvarez, 1968)
  23. Young Mr. Lincoln (John Ford, 1939)
  24. The Beauty and the Beast (Jean Cocteau,1946)
  25. Shock Corridor (Sam Fuller, 1963)
  26. The Wind (Victor Sjöström, 1928)
  27. Pandora’s Box (GW Pabst, 1929)
  28. Monsieur Verdoux (Charles Chaplin, 1947)
  29. Pakeezah (Kamal Amrohi, 1971)
  30. Pickpocket (Robert Bresson, 1959)
  31. Sons of the Desert (William A Seiter, 1934)
  32. The Tree of Wooden Clogs (Ermanno Olmi, 1978)
  33. La Collectionneuse (Eric Rohmer, 1967)
  34. The Spirit of the Beehive (Victor Erice, 1973)
  35. Kind Hearts And Coronets (Robert Hamer, 1949)
  36. Greed (Erich von Stroheim, 1924)
  37. Closely Observed Trains (Jiri Menzel, 1966)
  38. Double Indemnity (Billy Wilder, 1944)
  39. Fantasia (Walt Disney, 1940)
  40. The Enigma of Kasper Hauser (Werner Herzog, 1974)
  41. Apocalypse Now (Francis Ford Coppola, 1979)
  42. Children of Paradise (Marcel Carné,1945)
  43. The General (Buster Keaton, 1926)
  44. The Birth of a Nation (DW Griffith, 1915)
  45. The Story of the Last Chrysanthemum (Kenji Mizoguchi, 1939)
  46. Raging Bull (Martin Scorsese, 1980)
  47. Cuba Si! (Chris Marker, 1961)
  48. McCabe & Mrs. Miller (Robert Altman, 1971)
  49. The King Of Marvin Gardens (Bob Rafelson, 1972)
  50. Vertigo (Alfred Hitchcock, 1958)

  51. Burden of Dreams (Les Blank, 1982)
  52. Broadway Danny Rose (Woody Allen, 1984)
  53. A Night at the Opera (Sam Wood, 1935)
  54. Memories of Underdevelopment (Tomas Gutierrez Alea, 1968)
  55. Blue Velvet (David Lynch, 1986)
  56. A Short Film About Killing (Krzysztof Kieslowski, 1988)
  57. Breathless (Jean-Luc Godard, 1960)
  58. Andrei Rublev (Andrei Tarkovsky, 1966)
  59. The Third Man (Carol Reed, 1949)
  60. Man of the West (Anthony Mann, 1958)
  61. Raise the Red Lantern (Zhang Yimou, 1991)
  62. Day of Wrath (Carl Dreyer, 1943)
  63. Nanook of the North (Robert Flaherty, 1921)
  64. The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp (Powell and Pressburger, 1943)
  65. The Philadelphia Story (George Cukor, 1940)
  66. Tokyo Story (Yasujiro Ozu, 1953)
  67. Jules and Jim (François Truffaut, 1962)
  68. Blanche (Walerian Borowczyk, 1971)
  69. Swing High, Swing Low (Mitchell Leisen, 1937)
  70. The Scarlet Empress (Josef von Sternberg, 1934)
  71. The Passenger (Michelangelo Antonioni, 1975)
  72. The Travelling Players (Theo Angelopoulos, 1975)
  73. Kes (Ken Loach, 1970)
  74. Behind The Green Door (The Mitchell brothers, 1972)
  75. Killing of a Chinese Bookie (John Cassavetes, 1976)
  76. Le Samourai (Jean-Pierre Melville, 1967)
  77. The Battle of Algiers (Gillo Pontecorvo, 1965)
  78. Oh, Mr. Porter! (Marcel Varnel, 1937)
  79. The Time to Live and the Time to Die (Hou Hsiao-hsien, 1985)
  80. Fat City (John Huston, 1972)
  81. Antonio Das Mortes (Gauber Rocher, 1969)
  82. Love (Károly Makk, 1971)
  83. Last Tango in Paris (Bernardo Bertolucci, 1972)
  84. Boudu Saved from Drowning (Jean Renoir, 1932)
  85. Trash (Paul Morrissey, 1970)
  86. Boy (Nagisa Oshima, 1970)
  87. Strike (Sergei Eisenstein, 1924)
  88. The Round Up (Miklós Jancsó, 1962)
  89. Kings of the Road (Wim Wenders, 1975)
  90. Gospel According to St. Matthew (Pier Paolo Pasolini, 1964)
  91. Sullivan’s Travels (Preston Sturges, 1941)
  92. The Leopard (Luchino Visconti, 1963)
  93. Welfare (Frederick Wiseman, 1973)
  94. Beyond a Reasonable Doubt (Fritz Lang, 1956)
  95. Witchfinder General (Michael Reeves, 1968)
  96. Shoah (Claude Lanzmann, 1985)
  97. Xala (Ousmane Sembene, 1974)
  98. Salvatore Giuliano (Francesco Rosi, 1961)
  99. Manila: In The Claws of Darkness (Lino Brocka, 1978)
  100. The Bitter Tea Of General Yen (Frank Capra, 1932)

Malcolm was educated at Eton College and Merton College, Oxford. He worked for several decades as a film critic for The Guardian, having previously been an amateur jockey and the paper’s first horse racing correspondent. In 1977 he was a member of the jury at the 27th Berlin International Film Festival. In the mid-1980s he was host of The Film Club on BBC2, which was dedicated to art house films, and was director of the London Film Festival for several years. After The Guardian, he became chief film critic for the Evening Standard, before being replaced in 2009 by novelist Andrew O’Hagan. He still contributes film reviews for the newspaper and is president of the British Federation of Film Societies and the International Film Critics’ Circle.


The most important and misappreciated American films since the beginning of the cinema

‘The most important and misappreciated American films since the beginning of the cinema’, is a book of 150 pages published by the Royal Film Archive of Belgium (now known as Cinematek) in 1978 and compiled by Jacques Ledoux. The list in the book came from a survey which polled 203 participants (116 Americans and 87 non-Americans) around the world. Each participant compiled two lists, a list of the most important films (limited to 30 titles) and a list of misappreciated films (not limited in number). The final list is sorted by number of votes (including both important and misappreciated votes). The book lists all 2327 films that received at least 1 vote. This list below includes the films that received at least 5 votes. “Misappreciated” was taken by those with a knowledge of the English language as meaning underrated.

1 Citizen Kane 1941 Orson Welles
2 Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans 1927 F.W. Murnau
3 Greed 1924 Erich von Stroheim
4 Intolerance: Love’s Struggle Throughout the Ages 1916 D.W. Griffith
5 The Birth of a Nation 1915 D.W. Griffith
6 Singin’ in the Rain 1952 Gene Kelly, Stanley Donen
7 Nanook of the North 1922 Robert J. Flaherty
8 The General 1926 Buster Keaton, Clyde Bruckman
9 The Gold Rush 1925 Charles Chaplin
10 The Crowd 1928 King Vidor
11 The Magnificent Ambersons 1942 Robert Wise, Fred Fleck, Orson Welles
12 The Searchers 1956 John Ford
13 Modern Times 1936 Charles Chaplin
14 The Grapes of Wrath 1940 John Ford
15 Scarface 1932 Richard Rosson, Howard Hawks
16 Trouble in Paradise 1932 Ernst Lubitsch
17 Sunset Blvd. 1950 Billy Wilder
18 Vertigo 1958 Alfred Hitchcock
19 Stagecoach 1939 John Ford
20 2001: A Space Odyssey 1968 Stanley Kubrick
21 King Kong 1933 Ernest B. Schoedsack, Merian C. Cooper
22 Psycho 1960 Alfred Hitchcock
23 City Lights 1931 Charles Chaplin
24 Broken Blossoms or The Yellow Man and the Girl 1919 D.W. Griffith
25 Touch of Evil 1958 Orson Welles
26 Casablanca 1942 Michael Curtiz
27 The Wind 1928 Victor Sjöström
28 Duck Soup 1933 Leo McCarey
29 Sullivan’s Travels 1941 Preston Sturges
30 The Scarlet Empress 1934 Josef von Sternberg
31 The Night of the Hunter 1955 Charles Laughton
32 It Happened One Night 1934 Frank Capra
33 Gone with the Wind 1939 Sam Wood, George Cukor, Victor Fleming
34 Nashville 1975 Robert Altman
35 The Big Sleep 1946 Howard Hawks
36 Sherlock Jr. 1924 Buster Keaton
37 On the Waterfront 1954 Elia Kazan
38 The Maltese Falcon 1941 John Huston
39 Monsieur Verdoux 1947 Charles Chaplin
40 Bonnie and Clyde 1967 Arthur Penn
41 To Be or Not to Be 1942 Ernst Lubitsch
42 Letter from an Unknown Woman 1948 Max Ophüls
43 Rear Window 1954 Alfred Hitchcock
44 Foolish Wives 1922 Erich von Stroheim
45 The Best Years of Our Lives 1946 William Wyler
46 The Wedding March 1928 Erich von Stroheim
47 All Quiet on the Western Front 1930 Lewis Milestone
48 You Only Live Once 1937 Fritz Lang
49 The Wild Bunch 1969 Sam Peckinpah
50 I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang 1932 Mervyn LeRoy

51 The Treasure of the Sierra Madre 1948 John Huston
52 Paths of Glory 1957 Stanley Kubrick
53 Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb 1964 Stanley Kubrick
54 Young Mr. Lincoln 1939 John Ford
55 White Heat 1949 Raoul Walsh
56 Salt of the Earth 1954 Herbert J. Biberman
57 Rio Bravo 1959 Howard Hawks
58 Red River 1948 Arthur Rosson, Howard Hawks
59 My Darling Clementine 1946 John Ford
60 Underworld 1927 Arthur Rosson, Josef von Sternberg
61 The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance 1962 John Ford
62 High Noon 1952 Fred Zinnemann
63 Bringing Up Baby 1938 Howard Hawks
64 The Great Train Robbery 1903 Edwin S. Porter
65 The Band Wagon 1953 Vincente Minnelli
66 All About Eve 1950 Joseph L. Mankiewicz
67 Tabu: A Story of the South Seas 1931 F.W. Murnau
68 Some Like It Hot 1959 Billy Wilder
69 The Navigator 1924 Donald Crisp, Buster Keaton
70 Mr. Deeds Goes to Town 1936 Frank Capra
71 Love Me Tonight 1932 Rouben Mamoulian
72 A Woman of Paris: A Drama of Fate 1923 Charles Chaplin
73 Meshes of the Afternoon 1943 Alexander Hammid, Maya Deren
74 McCabe & Mrs. Miller 1971 Robert Altman
75 Freaks 1932 Tod Browning
76 Chelsea Girls 1966 Andy Warhol, Paul Morrissey
77 The Big Parade 1925 King Vidor, George W. Hill
78 Morocco 1930 Josef von Sternberg
79 Lonesome 1928 Pál Fejös
80 Fury 1936 Fritz Lang
81 Force of Evil 1948 Abraham Polonsky
82 Written on the Wind 1956 Douglas Sirk
83 Tol’able David 1921 Henry King
84 The Tarnished Angels 1957 Douglas Sirk
85 Scorpio Rising 1963 Kenneth Anger
86 Johnny Guitar 1954 Nicholas Ray
87 The Covered Wagon 1923 James Cruze
88 Wavelength 1967 Michael Snow
89 A Star Is Born 1954 George Cukor
90 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs 1937 William Cottrell, David Hand, Ben Sharpsteen, Perce Pearce, Wilfred Jackson, Larry Morey
91 North by Northwest 1959 Alfred Hitchcock
92 Ninotchka 1939 Ernst Lubitsch
93 Meet Me in St. Louis 1944 Vincente Minnelli
94 Invasion of the Body Snatchers 1956 Don Siegel
95 The Informer 1935 John Ford
96 How Green Was My Valley 1941 John Ford
97 Easy Rider 1969 Dennis Hopper
98 The Big Heat 1953 Fritz Lang
99 To Have and Have Not 1944 Howard Hawks
100 Shanghai Express 1932 Josef von Sternberg

101 A Place in the Sun 1951 George Stevens
102 Only Angels Have Wings 1939 Howard Hawks
103 Mr. Smith Goes to Washington 1939 Frank Capra
104 Louisiana Story 1948 Robert J. Flaherty
105 Kiss Me Deadly 1955 Robert Aldrich
106 42nd Street 1933 Lloyd Bacon
107 The Docks of New York 1928 Josef von Sternberg
108 Anatahan 1953 Josef von Sternberg
109 Rebel Without a Cause 1955 Nicholas Ray
110 The Jazz Singer 1927 Alan Crosland
111 It’s a Wonderful Life 1946 Frank Capra
112 The Godfather: Part II 1974 Francis Ford Coppola
113 Sylvia Scarlett 1935 George Cukor
114 Shadow of a Doubt 1943 Alfred Hitchcock
115 Safety Last! 1923 Fred C. Newmeyer, Sam Taylor
116 The River 1938 Pare Lorentz
117 Our Hospitality 1923 John G. Blystone, Buster Keaton
118 Make Way for Tomorrow 1937 Leo McCarey
119 Little Caesar 1931 Mervyn LeRoy
120 Hallelujah 1929 King Vidor
121 The Conversation 1974 Francis Ford Coppola
122 The Bitter Tea of General Yen 1932 Frank Capra
123 The Awful Truth 1937 Leo McCarey
124 The Asphalt Jungle 1950 John Huston
125 The Wizard of Oz 1939 Mervyn LeRoy, King Vidor, George Cukor, Norman Taurog, Victor Fleming
126 Way Down East 1920 D.W. Griffith
127 Swing Time 1936 George Stevens
128 The Southerner 1945 Jean Renoir
129 Seven Chances 1925 Buster Keaton
130 A Night at the Opera 1935 Sam Wood, Edmund Goulding
131 The Merry Widow 1934 Ernst Lubitsch
132 The Kid 1921 Charles Chaplin
133 Five Easy Pieces 1970 Bob Rafelson
134 Faces 1968 John Cassavetes
135 America America 1963 Elia Kazan
136 True Heart Susie 1919 D.W. Griffith
137 Top Hat 1935 Mark Sandrich
138 Strangers on a Train 1951 Alfred Hitchcock
139 Shadows 1958 John Cassavetes
140 Out of the Past 1947 Jacques Tourneur
141 Limelight 1952 Charles Chaplin
142 The Lady from Shanghai 1947 Orson Welles
143 East of Eden 1955 Elia Kazan
144 Double Indemnity 1944 Billy Wilder
145 The Birds 1963 Alfred Hitchcock
146 Wild River 1960 Elia Kazan
147 Twentieth Century 1934 Howard Hawks
148 They Live by Night 1948 Nicholas Ray
149 She Wore a Yellow Ribbon 1949 John Ford
150 7 Women 1966 John Ford

151 The Ox-Bow Incident 1943 William A. Wellman
152 The Nutty Professor 1963 Jerry Lewis
153 Isn’t Life Wonderful 1924 D.W. Griffith
154 Holiday 1938 George Cukor
155 Gold Diggers of 1933 1933 Mervyn LeRoy
156 The Godfather 1972 Francis Ford Coppola
157 Frankenstein 1931 James Whale
158 The Fountainhead 1949 King Vidor
159 Prelude: Dog Star Man 1962 Stan Brakhage
160 Dog Star Man: Part I 1962 Stan Brakhage
161 Dog Star Man: Part II 1963 Stan Brakhage
162 Dog Star Man: Part III 1964 Stan Brakhage
163 Dog Star Man: Part IV 1964 Stan Brakhage
164 Ride the High Country 1962 Sam Peckinpah
165 The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes 1970 Billy Wilder
166 The Pirate 1948 Vincente Minnelli
167 Our Daily Bread 1934 King Vidor
168 One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest 1975 Milos Forman
169 The Marriage Circle 1924 Ernst Lubitsch
170 Marnie 1964 Alfred Hitchcock
171 Laura 1944 Otto Preminger
172 The Lady Eve 1941 Preston Sturges
173 The Hustler 1961 Robert Rossen
174 Heaven Can Wait 1943 Ernst Lubitsch
175 Fantasia 1940 Samuel Armstrong, Ben Sharpsteen, Hamilton Luske, Paul Satterfield, James Algar, Jim Handley, Ford Beebe Jr., David Hand, Wilfred Jackson, T. Hee, Norman Ferguson, Bill Roberts
176 Elmer Gantry 1960 Richard Brooks
177 Dodsworth 1936 William Wyler
178 The Devil Is a Woman 1935 Josef von Sternberg
179 Camille 1936 George Cukor
180 The Cameraman 1928 Buster Keaton, Edward Sedgwick
181 The Apartment 1960 Billy Wilder
182 Wagon Master 1950 John Ford
183 They Shoot Horses, Don’t They? 1969 Sydney Pollack
184 Sweet Smell of Success 1957 Alexander Mackendrick
185 The Struggle 1931 D.W. Griffith
186 Stark Love 1927 Karl Brown
187 Shock Corridor 1963 Samuel Fuller
188 Shane 1953 George Stevens
189 The Public Enemy 1931 William A. Wellman
190 The Philadelphia Story 1940 George Cukor
191 Moonfleet 1955 Fritz Lang
192 The Misfits 1961 John Huston
193 The Manchurian Candidate 1962 John Frankenheimer
194 His Girl Friday 1940 Howard Hawks
195 The Great Dictator 1940 Charles Chaplin
196 The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse 1921 Rex Ingram
197 City Girl 1930 F.W. Murnau
198 The Cheat 1915 Cecil B. DeMille
199 Bride of Frankenstein 1935 James Whale
200 Blonde Venus 1932 Josef von Sternberg

201 The Barefoot Contessa 1954 Joseph L. Mankiewicz
202 Badlands 1973 Terrence Malick
203 The Bad and the Beautiful 1952 Vincente Minnelli
204 Applause 1929 Rouben Mamoulian
205 Angel 1937 Ernst Lubitsch
206 All the King’s Men 1949 Robert Rossen
207 West Side Story 1961 Jerome Robbins, Robert Wise
208 A Walk in the Sun 1945 Lewis Milestone
209 Unfaithfully Yours 1948 Preston Sturges
210 12 Angry Men 1957 Sidney Lumet
211 Tom, Tom, the Piper’s Son 1969 Ken Jacobs
212 Some Came Running 1958 Vincente Minnelli
213 Reflections in a Golden Eye 1967 John Huston
214 Pickup on South Street 1953 Samuel Fuller
215 The Palm Beach Story 1942 Preston Sturges
216 Orphans of the Storm 1921 D.W. Griffith
217 Man’s Castle 1933 Frank Borzage
218 The Long Goodbye 1973 Robert Altman
219 The Last Command 1928 Josef von Sternberg
220 It’s a Gift 1934 Norman Z. McLeod
221 Ice 1970 Robert Kramer
222 Her Man 1930 Tay Garnett
223 The Graduate 1967 Mike Nichols
224 The Freshman 1925 Fred C. Newmeyer, Sam Taylor
225 Fireworks 1947 Kenneth Anger
226 Duel in the Sun 1946 Otto Brower, Sidney Franklin, King Vidor, David O. Selznick, William Dieterle, Josef von Sternberg, William Cameron Menzies
227 The Diary of a Chambermaid 1946 Jean Renoir
228 Cat People 1942 Jacques Tourneur
229 Cabaret 1972 Bob Fosse
230 Brewster McCloud 1970 Robert Altman
231 Bigger Than Life 1956 Nicholas Ray
232 Beggars of Life 1928 William A. Wellman
233 The African Queen 1951 John Huston
234 The Adventures of Robin Hood 1938 Michael Curtiz, William Keighley
235 The Thief of Bagdad 1924 Raoul Walsh
236 The Shanghai Gesture 1941 Josef von Sternberg
237 7th Heaven 1927 Frank Borzage
238 The Salvation Hunters 1925 Josef von Sternberg
239 Ruby Gentry 1952 King Vidor
240 The Red Badge of Courage 1951 John Huston
241 The Quiet One 1948 Sidney Meyers
242 One Way Passage 1932 Tay Garnett
243 One-Eyed Jacks 1961 Marlon Brando
244 Notorious 1946 Alfred Hitchcock
245 Mickey One 1965 Arthur Penn
246 Lolita 1962 Stanley Kubrick
247 Leave Her to Heaven 1945 John M. Stahl
248 The Last Picture Show 1971 Peter Bogdanovich
249 Kiss Me, Stupid 1964 Billy Wilder
250 The King of Marvin Gardens 1972 Bob Rafelson

251 I Walked with a Zombie 1943 Jacques Tourneur
252 Hands Up! 1926 Clarence G. Badger
253 Hallelujah the Hills 1963 Adolfas Mekas
254 The Gunfighter 1950 Henry King
255 Gun Crazy 1950 Joseph H. Lewis
256 Fat City 1972 John Huston
257 A Face in the Crowd 1957 Elia Kazan
258 Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde 1931 Rouben Mamoulian
259 A Corner in Wheat 1909 D.W. Griffith
260 The Art of Vision 1965 Stan Brakhage
261 Anticipation of the Night 1958 Stan Brakhage
262 The Woman in the Window 1944 Fritz Lang
263 Wild Boys of the Road 1933 William A. Wellman
264 Twice a Man 1964 Gregory J. Markopoulos
265 The Trouble with Harry 1955 Alfred Hitchcock
266 They Were Expendable 1945 John Ford, Robert Montgomery
267 Suddenly, Last Summer 1959 Joseph L. Mankiewicz
268 Splendor in the Grass 1961 Elia Kazan
269 The Set-Up 1949 Robert Wise
270 Run of the Arrow 1957 Samuel Fuller
271 Ruggles of Red Gap 1935 Leo McCarey
272 Robin Hood 1922 Allan Dwan
273 The Rise and Fall of Legs Diamond 1960 Budd Boetticher
274 Reminiscences of a Journey to Lithuania 1972 Jonas Mekas
275 Queen Kelly 1929 Erich von Stroheim, Richard Boleslawski
276 Queen Christina 1933 Rouben Mamoulian
277 Primary 1960 Robert Drew
278 The Power and the Glory 1933 William K. Howard
279 On the Town 1949 Gene Kelly, Stanley Donen
280 Moonrise 1948 Frank Borzage
281 Miss Lulu Bett 1921 William C. de Mille
282 The Merry Widow 1925 Erich von Stroheim
283 Mean Streets 1973 Martin Scorsese
284 Lost Horizon 1937 Frank Capra
285 The Little Foxes 1941 William Wyler
286 Lilith 1964 Robert Rossen
287 The Last Detail 1973 Hal Ashby
288 The Killing 1956 Stanley Kubrick
289 Johnny Got His Gun 1971 Dalton Trumbo
290 Jeremiah Johnson 1972 Sydney Pollack
291 Imitation of Life 1959 Douglas Sirk
292 Giant 1956 George Stevens
293 The Ghost and Mrs. Muir 1947 Joseph L. Mankiewicz
294 Gentleman Jim 1942 Raoul Walsh
295 Funny Face 1957 Stanley Donen
296 Flesh and the Devil 1926 Clarence Brown
297 Flaming Creatures 1963 Jack Smith
298 Easy Street 1917 Charles Chaplin
299 Crime Without Passion 1934 Lee Garmes, Ben Hecht, Charles MacArthur
300 Mr. Arkadin 1955 Orson Welles

301 The Brig 1964 Jonas Mekas
302 Big Business 1929 Leo McCarey, James W. Horne
303 All That Money Can Buy 1941 William Dieterle
304 Alice’s Restaurant 1969 Arthur Penn
305 Ace in the Hole 1951 Billy Wilder
306 Zorns Lemma 1970 Hollis Frampton
307 Zoo in Budapest 1933 Rowland V. Lee
308 The Unknown 1927 Tod Browning
309 Two-Lane Blacktop 1971 Monte Hellman
310 Trash 1970 Paul Morrissey
311 Thieves Like Us 1974 Robert Altman
312 The Strong Man 1926 Frank Capra
313 A Streetcar Named Desire 1951 Elia Kazan
314 Street Angel 1928 Frank Borzage
315 Stella Dallas 1925 Henry King
316 Steamboat Bill, Jr. 1928 Charles Reisner, Buster Keaton
317 Smouldering Fires 1925 Clarence Brown
318 The Shop Around the Corner 1940 Ernst Lubitsch
319 Scenes from Under Childhood Section #1 1967 Stan Brakhage
320 Scenes from Under Childhood Section #2 1969 Stan Brakhage
321 Scenes from Under Childhood Section #3 1969 Stan Brakhage
322 Scenes from Under Childhood Section #4 1970 Stan Brakhage
323 Scarlet Street 1945 Fritz Lang
324 Rose Hobart 1936 Joseph Cornell
325 The River 1928 Frank Borzage
326 The Rain People 1969 Francis Ford Coppola
327 The Quiet Man 1952 John Ford
328 Puzzle of a Downfall Child 1970 Jerry Schatzberg
329 Pursued 1947 Raoul Walsh
330 Portrait of Jason 1967 Shirley Clarke
331 Point Blank 1967 John Boorman
332 Pinocchio 1940 Jack Kinney, Ben Sharpsteen, Hamilton Luske, Wilfred Jackson, T. Hee, Norman Ferguson, Bill Roberts
333 Peter Ibbetson 1935 Henry Hathaway
334 The Party 1968 Blake Edwards
335 The Old Dark House 1932 James Whale
336 Native Land 1942 Paul Strand, Leo Hurwitz
337 Murder by Contract 1958 Irving Lerner
338 The Mother and the Law 1919 D.W. Griffith
339 The Most Dangerous Game 1932 Irving Pichel, Ernest B. Schoedsack
340 The Miracle of Morgan’s Creek 1943 Preston Sturges
341 Midnight Cowboy 1969 John Schlesinger
342 Meet John Doe 1941 Frank Capra
343 Man, Woman and Sin 1927 Monta Bell
344 Love Affair 1939 Leo McCarey
345 Long Pants 1927 Frank Capra
346 The Lawless 1950 Joseph Losey
347 The Kremlin Letter 1970 John Huston
348 The Iron Horse 1924 John Ford
349 In the Year of the Pig 1968 Emile de Antonio
350 The Honeymoon Killers 1970 Donald Volkman, Leonard Kastle

351 Heaven and Earth Magic 1962 Harry Smith
352 The Great McGinty 1940 Preston Sturges
353 Story of G.I. Joe 1945 William A. Wellman
354 From Here to Eternity 1953 Fred Zinnemann
355 David Holzman’s Diary 1967 Jim McBride
356 The Chase 1966 Arthur Penn
357 Caught 1949 Max Ophüls
358 Barry Lyndon 1975 Stanley Kubrick
359 Avanti! 1972 Billy Wilder
360 The Arrangement 1969 Elia Kazan
361 Anatomy of a Murder 1959 Otto Preminger
362 An American in Paris 1951 Vincente Minnelli
363 Adam’s Rib 1949 George Cukor
364 Petulia 1968 Richard Lester
365 The Wrong Man 1956 Alfred Hitchcock
366 Wind Across the Everglades 1958 Budd Schulberg, Nicholas Ray
367 The War Lord 1965 Franklin J. Schaffner
368 Underworld U.S.A. 1961 Samuel Fuller
369 The Ten Commandments 1923 Cecil B. DeMille
370 The Sun Shines Bright 1953 John Ford
371 Song 1 1964 Stan Brakhage
372 The Scarlet Letter 1926 Victor Sjöström
373 Scarecrow 1973 Jerry Schatzberg
374 Rosemary’s Baby 1968 Roman Polanski
375 A Romance of Happy Valley 1919 D.W. Griffith
376 Point of Order! 1964 Emile de Antonio
377 Party Girl 1958 Nicholas Ray
378 Park Row 1952 Samuel Fuller
379 One More River 1934 James Whale
380 The Naked Spur 1953 Anthony Mann
381 The Naked Prey 1965 Cornel Wilde
382 The Naked City 1948 Jules Dassin
383 My Man Godfrey 1936 Gregory La Cava
384 The Musketeers of Pig Alley 1912 D.W. Griffith
385 The Mortal Storm 1940 Frank Borzage
386 Moana 1926 Frances H. Flaherty, Robert J. Flaherty
387 The Marrying Kind 1952 George Cukor
388 Man of the West 1958 Anthony Mann
389 The Love Parade 1929 Ernst Lubitsch
390 The Long Voyage Home 1940 John Ford
391 The Last of the Mohicans 1920 Clarence Brown, Maurice Tourneur
392 Lady Windermere’s Fan 1925 Ernst Lubitsch
393 Judgment at Nuremberg 1961 Stanley Kramer
394 The Italian 1915 Reginald Barker
395 Intruder in the Dust 1949 Clarence Brown
396 The Immigrant 1917 Charles Chaplin
397 I Married a Witch 1942 René Clair
398 Images 1972 Robert Altman
399 He Who Gets Slapped 1924 Victor Sjöström
400 The Haunting 1963 Robert Wise

401 Hatari! 1962 Howard Hawks
402 The Front Page 1931 Lewis Milestone
403 Forty Guns 1957 Samuel Fuller
404 Easter Parade 1948 Charles Walters
405 Diaries Notes and Sketches 1969 Jonas Mekas
406 Design for Living 1933 Ernst Lubitsch
407 The Cool World 1963 Shirley Clarke
408 The Connection 1961 Shirley Clarke
409 Civilization 1915 Thomas H. Ince, Jay Hunt, J. Parker Read Jr., Raymond B. West, Reginald Barker, David Hartford, Walter Edwards
410 City Streets 1931 Rouben Mamoulian
411 The Circus 1928 Charles Chaplin
412 Chinatown 1974 Roman Polanski
413 Campanadas a medianoche 1965 Orson Welles
414 Castro Street 1966 Bruce Baillie
415 Carnal Knowledge 1971 Mike Nichols
416 Boomerang! 1947 Elia Kazan
417 Blood Money 1933 Rowland Brown
418 Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ 1925 Charles Brabin, Christy Cabanne, Rex Ingram, Fred Niblo, J.J. Cohn
419 The Beguiled 1971 Don Siegel
420 Beat the Devil 1953 John Huston
421 San Pietro 1945 John Huston
422 The Ballad of Cable Hogue 1970 Sam Peckinpah
423 An Affair to Remember 1957 Leo McCarey
424 Zabriskie Point 1970 Michelangelo Antonioni
425 Yankee Doodle Dandy 1942 Michael Curtiz
426 Woodstock 1970 Michael Wadleigh
427 The Woman on the Beach 1947 Jean Renoir
428 White Shadows in the South Seas 1928 W.S. Van Dyke, Robert J. Flaherty
429 The White Rose 1923 D.W. Griffith
430 White Gold 1927 William K. Howard
431 Viva Zapata! 1952 Elia Kazan
432 Vanishing Point 1971 Richard C. Sarafian
433 Two for the Road 1967 Stanley Donen
434 Twelve O’Clock High 1949 Henry King
435 Trader Horn 1931 W.S. Van Dyke
436 They Won’t Forget 1937 Mervyn LeRoy
437 Strangers When We Meet 1960 Richard Quine
438 Show Boat 1936 James Whale
439 Shoulder Arms 1918 Charles Chaplin
440 She Done Him Wrong 1933 Lowell Sherman
441 Scaramouche 1952 George Sidney
442 The Savage Eye 1960 Joseph Strick, Sidney Meyers, Ben Maddow
443 Ruthless 1948 Edgar G. Ulmer
444 Ride the Pink Horse 1947 Robert Montgomery
445 Ride Lonesome 1959 Budd Boetticher
446 La région centrale 1971 Michael Snow
447 Rachel, Rachel 1968 Paul Newman
448 Quick Millions 1931 Rowland Brown
449 The Prowler 1951 Joseph Losey
450 The Professionals 1966 Richard Brooks

451 Pretty Poison 1968 Noel Black
452 The Pawnbroker 1964 Sidney Lumet
453 The Patsy 1964 Jerry Lewis
454 The Painted Lady 1912 D.W. Griffith
455 Nothing But a Man 1964 Michael Roemer
456 The Naked Kiss 1964 Samuel Fuller
457 A Movie 1958 Bruce Conner
458 Mother’s Day 1948 James Broughton
459 The Molly Maguires 1970 Martin Ritt
460 The Miracle Worker 1962 Arthur Penn
461 Ministry of Fear 1944 Fritz Lang
462 Midnight 1939 Mitchell Leisen
463 Marty 1955 Delbert Mann
464 Man Hunt 1941 Fritz Lang
465 Life of an American Fireman 1903 Edwin S. Porter, George S. Fleming
466 Laughter 1930 Harry d’Abbadie d’Arrast
467 Land of the Pharaohs 1955 Howard Hawks
468 King-Size Canary 1947 Tex Avery
469 The Kid Brother 1927 Lewis Milestone, Harold Lloyd, J.A. Howe, Ted Wilde
470 It 1927 Clarence G. Badger, Josef von Sternberg
471 High Sierra 1941 Raoul Walsh
472 High School 1969 Frederick Wiseman
473 Heller in Pink Tights 1960 George Cukor
474 The Gypsy Moths 1969 John Frankenheimer
475 Grass: A Nation’s Battle for Life 1925 Ernest B. Schoedsack, Merian C. Cooper
476 The Godless Girl 1929 Cecil B. DeMille
477 The Girl Can’t Help It 1956 Frank Tashlin
478 For Heaven’s Sake 1926 Sam Taylor
479 Footlight Parade 1933 Lloyd Bacon
480 The 5,000 Fingers of Dr. T. 1953 Roy Rowland
481 Dirty Harry 1971 Don Siegel
482 Deliverance 1972 John Boorman
483 The Day the Earth Stood Still 1951 Robert Wise
484 Days of Wine and Roses 1962 Blake Edwards
485 Night of the Demon 1957 Jacques Tourneur
486 A Clockwork Orange 1971 Stanley Kubrick
487 The City 1939 Ralph Steiner, Willard Van Dyke
488 California Split 1974 Robert Altman
489 Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia 1974 Sam Peckinpah
490 Bitter Victory 1957 Nicholas Ray
491 The Big Sky 1952 Howard Hawks
492 The Big Combo 1955 Joseph H. Lewis
493 American Madness 1932 Allan Dwan, Roy William Neill, Frank Capra
494 All the President’s Men 1976 Alan J. Pakula
495 All That Heaven Allows 1955 Douglas Sirk
496 Advise & Consent 1962 Otto Preminger


BBC’s 100 Greatest American Films

In July 2015 BBC Culture polled 62 film critics from around the world to determine the 100 greatest American movies ever made. There are some surprising results with Gone With the Wind which placed 6th on AFI’s 2007 list only 97th on the BBC poll. This maybe that AFI list comes from the choices of the US industry rather than foreign critics.

For the purposes of the poll, an American film is defined as any movie that received funding from a US source. The directors of these films did not have to be born in the United States nor did the films have to be shot in the US. Each critic who participated submitted a list of 10 films, with their pick for the greatest film receiving 10 points and their number 10 pick receiving one point. The points were added up to produce the final list. 

The 100 greatest American films

100. Ace in the Hole (Billy Wilder, 1951)
99. 12 Years a Slave (Steve McQueen, 2013)
98. Heaven’s Gate (Michael Cimino, 1980)
97. Gone With the Wind (Victor Fleming, 1939)
96. The Dark Knight (Christopher Nolan, 2008)
95. Duck Soup (Leo McCarey, 1933)
94. 25th Hour (Spike Lee, 2002)
93. Mean Streets (Martin Scorsese, 1973)
92. The Night of the Hunter (Charles Laughton, 1955)
91. ET: The Extra-Terrestrial (Steven Spielberg, 1982)
90. Apocalypse Now (Francis Ford Coppola, 1979)
89. In a Lonely Place (Nicholas Ray, 1950)
88. West Side Story (Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins, 1961)
87. Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (Michel Gondry, 2004)
86. The Lion King (Roger Allers and Rob Minkoff, 1994)
85. Night of the Living Dead (George A Romero, 1968)
84. Deliverance (John Boorman, 1972)
83. Bringing Up Baby (Howard Hawks, 1938)
82. Raiders of the Lost Ark (Steven Spielberg, 1981)
81. Thelma & Louise (Ridley Scott, 1991)
80. Meet Me in St Louis (Vincente Minnelli, 1944)
79. The Tree of Life (Terrence Malick, 2011)
78. Schindler’s List (Steven Spielberg, 1993)
77. Stagecoach (John Ford, 1939)
76. The Empire Strikes Back (Irvin Kershner, 1980)
75. Close Encounters of the Third Kind (Steven Spielberg, 1977)
74. Forrest Gump (Robert Zemeckis, 1994)
73. Network (Sidney Lumet, 1976)
72. The Shanghai Gesture (Josef von Sternberg, 1941)
71. Groundhog Day (Harold Ramis, 1993)
70. The Band Wagon (Vincente Minnelli, 1953)
69. Koyaanisqatsi (Godfrey Reggio, 1982)
68. Notorious (Alfred Hitchcock, 1946)
67. Modern Times (Charlie Chaplin, 1936)
66. Red River (Howard Hawks, 1948)
65. The Right Stuff (Philip Kaufman, 1983)
64. Johnny Guitar (Nicholas Ray, 1954)
63. Love Streams (John Cassavetes, 1984)
62. The Shining (Stanley Kubrick, 1980)
61. Eyes Wide Shut (Stanley Kubrick, 1999)
60. Blue Velvet (David Lynch, 1986)
59. One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest (Miloš Forman, 1975)
58. The Shop Around the Corner (Ernst Lubitsch, 1940)
57. Crimes and Misdemeanors (Woody Allen, 1989)
56. Back to the Future (Robert Zemeckis, 1985)
55. The Graduate (Mike Nichols, 1967)
54. Sunset Boulevard (Billy Wilder, 1950)
53. Grey Gardens (Albert and David Maysles, Ellen Hovde and Muffie Meyer, 1975)
52. The Wild Bunch (Sam Peckinpah, 1969)
51. Touch of Evil (Orson Welles, 1958)

50. His Girl Friday (Howard Hawks, 1940)
49. Days of Heaven (Terrence Malick, 1978)
48. A Place in the Sun (George Stevens, 1951)
47. Marnie (Alfred Hitchcock, 1964)
46. It’s a Wonderful Life (Frank Capra, 1946)
45. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (John Ford, 1962)
44. Sherlock Jr (Buster Keaton, 1924)
43. Letter from an Unknown Woman (Max Ophüls, 1948)
42. Dr Strangelove (Stanley Kubrick, 1964)
41. Rio Bravo (Howard Hawks, 1959)
40. Meshes of the Afternoon (Maya Deren and Alexander Hammid, 1943)
39. The Birth of a Nation (DW Griffith, 1915)
38. Jaws (Steven Spielberg, 1975)
37. Imitation of Life (Douglas Sirk, 1959)
36. Star Wars (George Lucas, 1977)
35. Double Indemnity (Billy Wilder, 1944)
34. The Wizard of Oz (Victor Fleming, 1939)
33. The Conversation (Francis Ford Coppola, 1974)
32. The Lady Eve (Preston Sturges, 1941)
31. A Woman Under the Influence (John Cassavetes, 1974)
30. Some Like It Hot (Billy Wilder, 1959)
29. Raging Bull (Martin Scorsese, 1980)
28. Pulp Fiction (Quentin Tarantino, 1994)
27. Barry Lyndon (Stanley Kubrick, 1975)
26. Killer of Sheep (Charles Burnett, 1978)
25. Do the Right Thing (Spike Lee, 1989)
24. The Apartment (Billy Wilder, 1960)
23. Annie Hall (Woody Allen, 1977)
22. Greed (Erich von Stroheim, 1924)
21. Mulholland Drive (David Lynch, 2001)
20. Goodfellas (Martin Scorsese, 1990)
19. Taxi Driver (Martin Scorsese, 1976)
18. City Lights (Charlie Chaplin, 1931)
17. The Gold Rush (Charlie Chaplin, 1925)
16. McCabe & Mrs Miller (Robert Altman, 1971)
15. The Best Years of Our Lives (William Wyler, 1946)
14. Nashville (Robert Altman, 1975)
13. North by Northwest (Alfred Hitchcock, 1959)
12. Chinatown (Roman Polanski, 1974)
11. The Magnificent Ambersons (Orson Welles, 1942)
10. The Godfather Part II (Francis Ford Coppola, 1974)
9. Casablanca (Michael Curtiz, 1942)
8. Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock, 1960)
7. Singin’ in the Rain (Stanley Donen and Gene Kelly, 1952)
6. Sunrise (FW Murnau, 1927)
5. The Searchers (John Ford, 1956)
4. 2001: A Space Odyssey (Stanley Kubrick, 1968)
3. Vertigo (Alfred Hitchcock, 1958)
2. The Godfather (Francis Ford Coppola, 1972)
1. Citizen Kane (Orson Welles, 1941)

Filmsite’s 100 Greatest Films

 A list compiled by editor and film critic Tim Dirks of what he considers to be cinema’s 100 most critically acclaimed English language films. Dirks points out that such a list is extremely subjective although suggests that the films earn their places thanks to their repeated appearances on all-time greatest film lists. The films are listed in alphabetical order.

The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938)
The African Queen (1951)
All About Eve (1950)
All Quiet On The Western Front (1930)
An American In Paris (1951)
Annie Hall (1977)
Apocalypse Now (1979)
Ben-Hur (1959)
The Best Years of Our Lives (1946)
The Big Sleep (1946)
The Birth Of A Nation (1915)
Blade Runner (1982)
Bonnie And Clyde (1967)
Bride of Frankenstein (1935)
The Bridge On The River Kwai (1957)
Bringing Up Baby (1938)
Casablanca (1942)
Chinatown (1974)
Citizen Kane (1941)
City Lights (1931)
The Crowd (1928)
Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb (1964)
Double Indemnity (1944)
Duck Soup (1933)
The Empire Strikes Back (1980)
E.T. – The Extra-Terrestrial (1982)
Easy Rider (1969)
Fantasia (1940)
42nd Street (1933)
The General (1927)
The Godfather (1972)
The Godfather, Part II (1974)
The Gold Rush (1925)
Gone With The Wind (1939)
The Graduate (1967)
The Grapes of Wrath (1940)
Greed (1924)
High Noon (1952)
His Girl Friday (1940)
Intolerance (1916)
It Happened One Night (1934)
It’s A Wonderful Life (1946)
Jaws (1975)
King Kong (1933)
The Lady Eve (1941)
Lawrence of Arabia (1962)
Letter From an Unknown Woman (1948)
The Magnificent Ambersons (1942)
The Maltese Falcon (1941)

Meet Me In St. Louis (1944)
Midnight Cowboy (1969)
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939)
Modern Times (1936)
My Darling Clementine (1946)
Nashville (1975)
A Night At The Opera (1935)
The Night of the Hunter (1955)
Ninotchka (1939)
North By Northwest (1959)
Notorious (1946)
On The Waterfront (1954)
One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest (1975)
Out Of The Past (1947)
Paths of Glory (1957)
The Philadelphia Story (1940)
Psycho (1960)
Pulp Fiction (1994)
The Quiet Man (1952)
Raging Bull (1980)
Rear Window (1954)
Rebecca (1940)
Rebel Without a Cause (1955)
Red River (1948)
Roman Holiday (1953)
Schindler’s List (1993)
The Searchers (1956)
Shane (1953)
The Shawshank Redemption (1994)
Singin’ In The Rain (1952)
Snow White And The Seven Dwarfs (1937)
Some Like It Hot (1959)
Stagecoach (1939)
A Star Is Born (1954)
Star Wars (1977)
A Streetcar Named Desire (1951)
Sunrise (1927)
Sunset Boulevard (1950)
Taxi Driver (1976)
The Third Man (1949)
To Kill A Mockingbird (1962)
Top Hat (1935)
Touch Of Evil (1958)
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948)
Trouble in Paradise (1932)
2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)
Vertigo (1958)
West Side Story (1961)
Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966)
The Wild Bunch (1969)
The Wizard of Oz (1939)
Wuthering Heights (1939)
Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942)

100 Essential Films by The National Society of Film Critics

In 2002 The National Society of Film Critics brought out the book “The A List: The National Society of Film Critics’ 100 Essential Films”, edited by Jay Carr. It features 100 essays on the 100 Films. The essays look at the origins of the films, why the critics love them and their significance within the context of film history. The list is in alphabetical order. Buy – The A List: The National Society Of Film Critics’ 100 Essential Films (book/kindle)


2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)
42nd Street (1933)
The 400 Blows (1959, Fr.) (aka Les Quatre Cents Coups)
All About Eve (1950)
Annie Hall (1977)
Ashes and Diamonds (1958, Poland)
L’Atalante (1934, Fr.)
The Bank Dick (1940)
The Battleship Potemkin (1925, Soviet Union)
The Birth Of A Nation (1915)
Blow-Up (1966, UK)
Bonnie And Clyde (1967)
Breathless (1960, Fr.) (aka À Bout de Souffle)
Bringing Up Baby (1938)
Casablanca (1942)
The Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith (1978, Australia)
Children of Paradise (1945, Fr.) (aka Les Enfants du Paradis)
Chinatown (1974)
Citizen Kane (1941)
Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977)
Closely Watched Trains (1966, Czech) (aka Ostre Sledované Vlaky)
Close-up (1990, Iran) (aka Nema-ye Nazdik)
Dance, Girl, Dance (1940)
The Decalogue (1989, Polish)
Diary of a Country Priest (1951, Fr.)
Diner (1982)
Do the Right Thing (1989)
La Dolce Vita (1959, It.)
Double Indemnity (1944)
Duck Soup (1933)
Easy Rider (1969)
Enter the Dragon (1973)
The Entertainer (1960, UK)
The Exorcist (1973)
Faces (1968)
Fargo (1996)
Frankenstein (1931) and The Bride of Frankenstein (1935)
The General (1927)
The Godfather (1972) and The Godfather Part II (1974)
Gone With The Wind (1939)
The Gospel According to St. Matthew (1964, It./Fr.)
The Graduate (1967)
Greed (1924)
Happy Together (1997, HK/Jp./S.Kor.)
High Noon (1952)
The Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956)
Jailhouse Rock (1957)
Ju Dou (1990, China/Jp.), Raise the Red Lantern (1991, China/HK), Red Sorghum (1987, China)
Killer of Sheep (1978)
L.A. Confidential (1997)
Landscape in the Mist (1988, Greece)
Lawrence of Arabia (1962)
M (1931, Germ.)
The Maltese Falcon (1941)
The Man With a Movie Camera (1929, Soviet Union)
The Marriage of Maria Braun (1979, W.Germ.)
Metropolis (1927)
Modern Times (1936)
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939)

Nashville (1975)
The Night of the Hunter (1955)
Night of the Living Dead (1968)
Nosferatu (1922, Germ.)
Los Olvidados (1950, Mex.)
On The Waterfront (1954)
Rome: Open City (1945, It.) (aka Roma Città Aperta)
The Palm Beach Story (1942)
Pandora’s Box (1929, Germ.)
The Passion of Joan of Arc (1928, Fr.) (aka La passion de Jeanne d’Arc)
Pather Panchali (1955, India), Aparajito (1956, India), The World of Apu (1959, India)
The Piano (1993, NZ)
Psycho (1960)
The Public Enemy (1931)
Pulp Fiction (1994)
Raging Bull (1980)
Rashomon (1950, Jp.)
Rebel Without a Cause (1955)
The Rules of the Game (1939, Fr.) (aka La Règle du Jeu)
Schindler’s List (1993)
The Searchers (1956)
The Seven Samurai (1954, Jp.)
The Seventh Seal (1957, Swe.)
Singin’ In The Rain (1952)
Star Wars (1977)
La Strada (1954, It.) and The Nights of Cabiria (1957, It.)
Sunrise (1927)
Sunset Boulevard (1950)
The Thief of Bagdad (1924)
Tokyo Story (1953, Jp.)
Top Hat (1935)
Touch Of Evil (1958)
Trouble in Paradise (1932)
Ugetsu Monogatari (1953, Jp.)
Unforgiven (1992)
Les Vampires (1915, Fr.)
Vertigo (1958)
The Wild Bunch (1969)
Winchester ’73 (1950)
The Wizard of Oz (1939)
Written on the Wind (1956)